Phlogopite and phlogopite–amphibole parageneses in the lithospheric mantle of the Birekte terrane (Siberian craton)
Mantle xenoliths containing phlogopite and phlogopite–amphibole mineralization from kimberlites of the Kuoika field have been studied. Such xenoliths were found in two series of rocks: magnesian (Mg) pyroxenite–peridotite and Fe-type phlogopite–ilmenite hyperbasite. The 40Ar/39Ar phlogopite age (1600–1800 Ma) and Re–Os and oxygen isotope data in rocks and minerals of the first series of rocks allow us to suggest that Phl–Amph metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle under the Birekte block and its accretion to the Siberian craton occurred in the subduction zone. The second series of rocks is comagmatic to potassium ultramafites and mafites, finding in the Siberian Platform. The phlogopite ages (870–850 Ma) from Phl–Ilm ultramafites corresponds to the beginning of the breakup of the supercontinent Rodinia and is close to ancient age datings of the alkaline ultramafic-carbonatite Tomtor massif. Phlogopite from xenoliths with garnet is much younger in age (500–600 Ma).
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