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Specifics of C60 Fullerene Cluster Formation in a Solvent Mixture of Toluene and N-Methyl-2-Pyrollidone

  • T. V. Nagorna
  • O. A. Kyzyma
  • L. A. Bulavin
  • D. Chudoba
  • V. M. Garamus
  • M. V. Avdeev
  • V. L. Aksenov
Article

Abstract

The two-level organization of C60 fullerene clusters in solutions of C60 in pure toluene and toluene/N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone solvent mixtures is studied by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The SAXS data for freshly prepared solutions are compared with the data obtained by dynamic light scattering, a technique we use to assess the temporal stability of the prepared solutions. For all solutions in the mixed solvent, regardless of the ratio between the polar and nonpolar components, the UV−Vis absorption spectra tend to become featureless with time. We attribute this behavior primarily to the presence of the polar component in the molecular environment of fullerene molecules.

Keywords

small-angle X-ray (synchrotron) scattering UV−Vis absorption spectroscopy dynamic light scattering fullerene clusterization 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. V. Nagorna
    • 1
    • 2
  • O. A. Kyzyma
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. A. Bulavin
    • 2
  • D. Chudoba
    • 1
    • 3
  • V. M. Garamus
    • 4
  • M. V. Avdeev
    • 1
  • V. L. Aksenov
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia
  2. 2.Taras Shevchenko National University of KyivKyivUkraine
  3. 3.Adam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland
  4. 4.Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht: Centre for Materials and Coastal ResearchGeesthachtGermany
  5. 5.Petersburg Nuclear Physics InstituteNational Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”GatchinaRussia

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