Russian Journal of Electrochemistry

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 1134–1140 | Cite as

Iridium oxide-based nanocrystalline particles as oxygen evolution electrocatalysts

  • A. Marshall
  • B. Børresen
  • G. Hagen
  • S. Sunde
  • M. Tsypkin
  • R. TunoldEmail author


Iridium-based oxides are highly active as oxygen evolving electrocatalysts in PEM water electrolyzers. In this work XRD reveals that Ir-Sn oxides contain a single rutile phase with lattice parameters between those of pure IrO2 and SnO2. Addition of Ru leads to the synthesis of a core-shell type material due to the strong agglomeration of Ru colloids during the preparation procedure. The shell of this material consists of an Ir-Sn-Ru oxide deficient in Ru relative to the bulk. This leads to a decrease in the surface noble metal concentration (as found by XPS), which in turn results in a significant reduction in electrochemically active surface area. Polarization analysis indicates that the addition of Ru can influence the rate-determining step or mechanism by which oxygen is evolved. In a PEM water electrolysis cell, small additions of Sn do not significantly reduce the operating performance, however larger additions cause a performance loss due to a reduction in active surface area and increased ohmic resistance. When a pure IrO2 anode is used, a cell voltage is 1.61 V at 1 A cm−2 and 90°C.

Key words

iridium and tin oxides hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts nanocrystalline particles 


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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Marshall
    • 1
  • B. Børresen
    • 1
  • G. Hagen
    • 1
  • S. Sunde
    • 1
  • M. Tsypkin
    • 1
  • R. Tunold
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyRussia

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