Russian Journal of Genetics

, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 722–729 | Cite as

Peculiarities of phosphoglycerate kinase-1 pseudogene evolution in Schrenck salamander (Salamandrella schrenckii Strauch 1870)

  • B. A. Malyarchuk
  • G. A. Denisova
  • M. V. Derenko
Animal Genetics


Processed copies of genes generally evolve in neutral mode as pseudogenes, however, some of them might be important sources of new functional genes. The ψPGK1 pseudogene has been discovered in Schrenck salamander (Salamandrella schrenckii, Amphibia, Caudata, Hynobiidae) via polymerase chain reaction used to amplify the phosphoglycerate kinase 1 gene (PGK1). This pseudogene is an intronless copy of PGK1 gene absent of exon 6. Analysis of ψPGK1 pseudogene polymorphism has demonstrated that it lacks mutations, which results in shifts in the stop codons and reading frames, as well as that the interspecies variation of this pseudogene was inconsistent with the neutral model of evolution. In addition, the pattern of phylogeographic differentiation of the ψPGK1 variants mainly coincides with that observed in mitochondrial DNA. These observations allow it to be suggested that the ψPGK1 pseudogene is a new functional gene in the Schrenck salamander.


Neutral Model Phosphoglycerate Kinase Wood Frog Phosphoglycerate Mutase Pseudo Gene 
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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. A. Malyarchuk
    • 1
  • G. A. Denisova
    • 1
  • M. V. Derenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of the Biological Problems of the NorthFar East Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesMagadanRussia

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