Inheritance of longitudinal shell bands in the snails Littorina obtusata and L. saxatilis (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia)

  • E. V. KozminskyEmail author
Animal Genetics


The hypothesis of a monogenic inheritance of dark longitudinal bands on the shell in the gastropods Littorina obtusata and L. saxatilis was checked. One gene having two alleles proved to be responsible for the shell banding pattern in both of the species. The presence of bands was a dominant character in either case.


Land Snail Multiple Paternity Shell Diameter Longitudinal Band Monogenic Inheritance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Boettger, C.R., Analyse einer Bemerkenswerten Population der Schnirkelschnecke Cepaea hortensis Muller, Abh. Braunschw. Wiss. Ges., 1950, vol. 2, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lamotte, M., Recherches sur la structure genetique des populations naturelles de Cepaea nemoralis (L.), Bull. Biol. Fr. Belg., 1951, vol. 35, suppl., pp. 1–239.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lamotte, M., Sur le diterminisme génétique du polymorphisme chez Cepaea nemoralis L., C. r. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Sci. Paris, 1954, vol. 239, pp. 365–367.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cain, A.J. and Sheppard, P.M., Some Breeding Experiments with Cepaea nemoralis (L.), J. Genet., 1957, vol. 55, pp. 195–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cain, A.J., King, J.M.B., and Sheppard, P.M., New Data on the Genetics of Polymorphism in the Snail Cepaea nemoralis (L.), Genetics, 1960, vol. 45, pp. 393–411.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Murray, J.J., The Inheritance of Some Characters in Cepaea hortensis and Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda), Genetics, 1963, vol. 48, pp. 605–615.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cook, L.M. and Murray, J., New Information on the Inheritance of Polymorphic Characters in Cepaea hortensis, J. Hered., 1966, vol. 57, pp. 245–247.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cook, L.M., The Genetics of Cepaea nemoralis, Heredity, 1967, vol. 22, pp. 397–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cain, A.J., Sheppard, P.M., and King, J.M.B., The Genetics of Some Morphs and Varieties of Cepaea nemoralis (L.), Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London, 1968, vol. 253, pp. 383–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cook, L.M., Results of Breeding Experiments of Diver and Stelfox on Helix aspersa, Proc. Malac. Soc. London, 1969, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 351–358.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guerrucci-Henrion, M.-A., Etude de la transmission de quelques caracteres de la pigmentation chez Cepaea hortensis, Arch. Zool. Exp. Gen., 1971, vol. 112, pp. 211–219.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cook, L.M. and King, J.M.B., Some Data on the Genetics of Shell-Character Polymorphism in the Snail Arianta arbustorum, Genetics, 1966, vol. 53, pp. 415–425.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kozminskii, E.V., Granovich, A.I., and Sergievskii, S.O., Inheritance of Shell Color Traits in Littorina saxatilis (Olivi) (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia), Tr. Zool. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 1995, vol. 264, pp. 19–34.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Komai, T. and Emura, S., A Study of Population Genetics of the Polymorphic Land Snail Bradybaena similaris, Evolution, 1955, vol. 9, pp. 400–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Khokhutkin, I.M., Inheritance of Banding in Natural Populations of the Land Snail Bradybaena fruticum, Genetika (Moscow), 1979, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 868–871.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Asami, T. and Ohba, S., Shell Polymorphism in the Land Snail Bradybaena similaris in the Kanto District, Sci. Rep. Takao Mus. Nat. Hist., 1982, vol. 11, pp. 13–28.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cain, A.J., Genetics of Some Morphs in the Land Snail Theba pisana, Malacologia, 1984, vol. 25, pp. 381–411.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cowie, R.H., Ecogenetics of Theba pisana (Pulmonata: Helicidae) at the Northern Edge of Its Range, Malacologia, 1984, vol. 25, pp. 361–380.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Asami, T., Fukuda, H., and Tomiyama, K., The Inheritance of Shell Banding in the Land Snail Bradybaena pellucida, Venus, 1993, vol. 52, pp. 155–159.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Murray, J. and Clarke, B., Supergenes in Polymorphic Land Snails: I. Partula taeniata, Heredity, 1976, vol. 37, pp. 253–269.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Murray, J. and Clarke, B., Supergenes in Polymorphic Land Snails: II. Partula suturalis, Heredity, 1976, vol. 37, pp. 271–282.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lewis, G., Shell Polymorphism in the Snail Cochlicella acuta (Muller) and Some Data on Its Genetics, Biol. J. Lin. Soc., 1975, vol. 7, pp. 147–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kozminskii, E.V. and Lezin, P.A., Pigment Distribution in the Shell of Gastropod Mollusk Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758), Biol. Morya, 2007, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 284–290.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wethington, A.R. and Dillon, R.T., Sperm Storage and Evidence for Multiple Paternity in a Natural Population of the Freshwater Snail Physa americana, Am. Malacol. Bull., 1991, vol. 9, pp. 99–102.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gaffney, P.M. and McGee, B., Multiple Paternity in Crepidula fornicata, Veliger, 1992, vol. 35, pp. 12–15.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Paterson, I.G., Partrige, V., and Buckland-Nicks, J., Multiple Paternity in Littorina obtusata (Gastropoda, Littorinidae) Revealed by Microsatellite Analyses, Biol. Bull., 2001, vol. 200, pp. 261–267.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Baur, B., Multiple Paternity and Individual Variation in Sperm Precedence in the Simultaneously Hermaphroditic Land Snail Arianta arbustorum, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol., 1994, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 413–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Murray, M.G. and Thompson, W.F., Rapid Isolation of High Molecular Weight Plant DNA, Nucleic Acids Res., 1980, vol. 8, pp. 4321–4325.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kozminskii, E.V., Lezin, P.A., and Fokin, M.V., A. Methodology of Studying the Inheritance of Shell Color in Mollusks of the Genus Littorina (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia), Zool. Zh., 2008, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 614–619.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Nass, C.A.G., The χ2 Test for Small Expectations in Contingency Tables, with Special Reference to Accidents and Absenteeism, Biometrika, 1959, vol. 46, nos. 3–4, pp. 365–385.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Fleis, J., Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions, New York: Wiley, 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Belomorsk Biological Station, Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations