Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 427–440 | Cite as

Regulatory role of nitric oxide in plants

  • A. S. Mamaeva
  • A. A. Fomenkov
  • A. V. Nosov
  • I. E. Moshkov
  • L. A. J. Mur
  • M. A. Hall
  • G. V. Novikova
Lectures

Abstract

Research performed over the last few years identified nitric oxide (NO) as an intracellular signaling molecule involved in regulation of plant physiological processes at all stages of the life cycle. Nevertheless, some extremely important aspects of NO biology are still far from being clarified. There exist different points of view on NO formation and utilization in plants. The mechanisms of perception and transduction of the NO signal are not yet fully understood, and the origin of specificity underlying coordinated activation of responses to NO remains unresolved. It is reasonable to expect that the deep knowledge of NO functioning in animals may provide some keys to these questions. Such a comparative analysis is a way to reveal similarities and emphasize the differences in the current understanding of the NO role in plants. The present lecture highlights these aspects of NO functioning.

Keywords

plants nitric oxide protein modification signal transduction stress phytohormones 

Abbreviations

COX

cytochrome c-oxidase

CuAO

Cu-amine oxidase

cPTIO

2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide

DAF

diaminofluorescein

DCF

dichlorofluorescein

ETC

electron transport chain

GSNO

S-nitrosoglutathione

GSNOR

S-nitroso-glutathione reductase

Ni-NOR

nitrite-NO reductase

NOS

NO synthase

NR

nitrate reductase

nsHb

non-symbiotic hemoglobins

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SNP

sodium nitroprusside

XOR

xanthine oxidoreductase

sGC

soluble guanylate cyclase

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Mamaeva
    • 1
  • A. A. Fomenkov
    • 1
  • A. V. Nosov
    • 1
  • I. E. Moshkov
    • 1
  • L. A. J. Mur
    • 2
  • M. A. Hall
    • 2
  • G. V. Novikova
    • 1
  1. 1.Timiryazev Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biological, Environmental, and Rural SciencesAberystwyth UniversityAberystwythUK

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