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Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 141–153 | Cite as

Role of mitochondria in the operation of calcium signaling system in heat-stressed plants

  • E. G. Rikhvanov
  • I. V. Fedoseeva
  • D. V. Pyatrikas
  • G. B. Borovskii
  • V. K. Voinikov
Reviews

Abstract

Mild heat stress induces the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) that protect plants from death during damaging heat treatments. It was assumed that the appearance in the cell of denatured proteins triggers the expression of HSP; however, recent results show that protein denaturation is not a prerequisite for this process. In this work we discuss a hypothetical mechanism for activation under heat stress of HSP expression promoted by short-term elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ level. According to our hypothesis, a prolonged elevation of Ca2+ has a negative influence on HSP expression. Therefore, calcium is transported from the cytosol into intracellular compartments, including mitochondria. The Ca2+ entry into mitochondria is accompanied by hyperpolarization of the inner mitochondrial membrane and by the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The increased ROS production contributes to the activation of HSP expression under mild heat stress but leads to plant death under severe heat shock. Thus, mitochondria and, possibly, other organelles play the crucial role in determining life or death fate of heat-treated plant cells by controlling the cytosolic Ca2+ content and ROS production.

Keywords

higher plants calcium ions mitochondria thermotolerance heat shock proteins 

Abbreviations

[Ca2+]cyt

cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration

[Ca2+]mit

mitochondrial Ca2+ concentration

CaM

calmodulin

CCCP

carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone

ER

endoplasmic reticulum

HSE

heat shock element

HSF

heat shock factor

HSP

heat shock protein

mtΔψ

potential difference across the inner mitochondrial membrane

pmΔψ

potential difference across the plasma membrane

PCD

programmed cell death

ROS

reactive oxygen species

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. G. Rikhvanov
    • 1
  • I. V. Fedoseeva
    • 1
  • D. V. Pyatrikas
    • 1
  • G. B. Borovskii
    • 1
  • V. K. Voinikov
    • 1
  1. 1.Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

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