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Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 231–237 | Cite as

Evaluating the effect of rootstocks and potassium level on photosynthetic productivity and yield of pear trees

  • K. Bosa
  • E. Jadczuk-Tobjasz
  • M. H. Kalaji
  • M. Majewska
  • S. I. Allakhverdiev
Research Papers

Abstract

In this experiment, leaf gas exchange, photosynthetic efficiency, area index, and chlorophyll content were measured in pear (Pyrus communis L.) trees grown on different rootstocks and potassium fertilization doses. Our results showed that trees budded on the Pyrodwarf rootstock had the biggest leaf area and the highest photosynthetic efficiency, photosynthesis rate, and chlorophyll content. There was no correlation between the applied potassium fertilization dosage and the photosynthetic efficiency of the trees. This paper is addressed to discuss various mechanisms and selected factors responsible for pear tree photosynthetic productivity.

Keywords

Pyrus communis chlorophyll content chlorophyll fluorescence LAI photosynthesis photosystem II 

Abbreviations

Chl

chlorophyll

Fv/Fm

maximum quantum yield of PSII

Gs

stomatal conductance

LAI

leaf area index

PI

performance index

PN

net photosynthetic rate

PSII

photosystem II

TCSA

trunk cross-sectional area

ΦPSII

yield efficiency of PSII of light-adapted leaves

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Bosa
    • 1
  • E. Jadczuk-Tobjasz
    • 1
  • M. H. Kalaji
    • 2
  • M. Majewska
    • 1
  • S. I. Allakhverdiev
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PomologyWarsaw University of Life Sciences SGGWWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Plant PhysiologyWarsaw University of Life Sciences SGGWWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Timiryazev Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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