Some physiological responses of chickpea cultivars to arbuscular mycorrhiza under drought stress
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A factorial experiment based on RCB design with three replicates was conducted to investigate changes in some physiological responses of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars (Pirouz from Desi type and ILC482 from Kabuli type) to arbuscular mycorrhiza (Glomus etunicatum Becker and Gerdman) under different irrigation treatments. The experiment was carried out in the greenhouse of the Agricultural Faculty of Kurdistan University from April to August 2009. The results showed that leaf chlorophyll content of chickpea cultivars was significantly increased by arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) under both well and limited irrigation conditions. Proline accumulation in chickpea leaves under moderate and severe drought stresses was significantly stronger than that under optimum irrigation. Inoculation of chickpea with mycorrhizal fungi caused an increase in the activities of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase, but a decrease in the activity of catalase. Comparisons among different irrigation levels showed that chickpea plants under drought stress had the most active lipid peroxidation. Non-AM plants showed stronger lipid peroxidation under moderate and severe water stresses than AM plants. Lipid peroxidation was more active in Pirouz leaves than in ILC482 leaves. It seems that Kabuli-type cultivar responded better to mycorrhizal symbiosis under drought stress than Desitype cultivar.
KeywordsCicer arietinum arbuscular mycorrhiza chlorophyll content drought stress proline
moderate water stress
severe water stress
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