FLC: A key regulator of flowering time in Arabidopsis
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The timing of floral transition has significant consequences for reproductive success in plants. The molecular genetic dissection of flowering time control in Arabidopsis identified an integrated network of pathways that quantitatively control this developmental switch. A central player in this process is the FLOWERING LOCUS C gene (FLC), which blocks flowering by inhibiting the genes required to switch the meristem from vegetative to floral development. Three systems (the FRIGIDA gene, vernalization, and the autonomous pathway) all influence the state of FLC. Last years many new genes have been identified that regulate FLC expression, and most of them are involved in the modification of FLC chromatin. This review focuses on recent insights in FLC regulation.
Key wordsArabidopsis flowering FLC FRI vernalization autonomous pathway chromatin modification
FLOWERING LOCUS C
nuclear localization signal
RNA recognition motifs
short interfering RNA
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