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Abscisic acid in the plants-pathogen interaction

  • I. V. MaksimovEmail author
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Abstract

Information available concerning the role of ABA in the interaction between plants and pathogenic microorganisms allows a conclusion that this phytohormone is required for plant defense. For the development of plant resistance, short-term increases in the ABA level are of importance during the early stages of plant interaction with pathogens, which trigger anti-stress programs in plants, primarily related to the synthesis of callose. At the same time, high ABA concentrations maintained for a long time reduce efficiency of defense systems controlled by salicylic and jasmonic acids and ethylene. ABA was shown to suppress expression of some genes of defense proteins, including those involved in the synthesis and metabolism of phenolic compounds and lignin. ABA is evidently involved in plant defense mechanisms against pathogens as a regulatory element.

Key words

plant abscisic acid resistance pathogens 

Abbreviations

ABI1

Abscisic Acid Insensitive 1

ABRE

ABA-Responsive Element

BABA

β-aminobutyric acid

BOS1

Botrytis Susceptible 1

EIN2

Ethylene Insensitive 2

ERA3

Enhanced Response to ABA3

GCR

G-protein-Coupled Receptor

HR

hypersensitive response

MAP kinase

Mitogen-Activated Protein kinase

PAL

phenylalanine ammonia-lyase

SAR

systemic acquired resistance

SIR

systemic induced resistance

SNARE

Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor Attachment Protein Receptor

WAPK

Wound Activated Protein Kinase

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Ufa Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia

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