Characterization and expression profiling of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza in rosmarinic acid biosynthesis pathway

  • B. Huang
  • Y. Duan
  • B. Yi
  • L. Sun
  • B. Lu
  • X. Yu
  • H. Sun
  • H. Zhang
  • W. Chen
Research Papers


A novel cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H) gene (designated as SmC4H) involved in the rosmarinic acid biosynthesis pathway is cloned from Salvia miltiorrhiza. The full-length cDNA of SmC4H is 1800 bp long with an open reading frame of 1512 bp encoding a polypeptide of 504 amino acid residues. Like other C4Hs, the predicted SmC4H polypeptide includes three domains: a heme-binding domain, a proline-rich region, and a P450 (E)EFRPER-motif region, which represents a typical structure of plant C4Hs. Analysis of SmC4H genomic DNA reveals that it contains 3 exons, 2 introns, the length of exons being highly conserved. Semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that the constitutive expression of SmC4H in the root or stem was much higher than in the leaf. Further expression analysis revealed that the signaling components of defense/stress pathways, such as methyl jasmonate, abscisic acid, and ultraviolet-B radiation, up-regulated the SmC4H transcript levels over the control. Calcium chloride and hydrogen peroxide, nevertheless, had no significant effect on SmC4H expression.

Key words

Salvia miltiorrhiza rosmarinic acid cinnamate 4-hydroxylase SmC4H gene reverse transcription-PCR UV-B ABA jasmonate 



cinnamate 4-hydroxylase


cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide


3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid


β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase


methyl jasmonate


open reading frame


cyochrome P450


rosmarinic acid


rapid amplification of cDNA ends


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Copyright information

© MAIK Nauka 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Y. Duan
    • 4
  • B. Yi
    • 1
    • 3
  • L. Sun
    • 3
  • B. Lu
    • 5
  • X. Yu
    • 1
    • 3
  • H. Sun
    • 1
    • 3
  • H. Zhang
    • 3
  • W. Chen
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PharmacyChangzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of PharmacySecond Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Modern Research Center for Traditional Chinese MedicineSecond Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Institute of Pharmaceutical EngineeringSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  5. 5.Institute of Radiation MedicineAcademy of Military Medical ScienceBeijingChina

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