Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 741–748 | Cite as

Effect of phosphorus deficiency on the photosynthetic characteristics of rice plants

Research Papers


The effects of phosphorus deficiency on the photosynthetic characteristics were studied in rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) every 8 days after treatment. P deficiency caused a significant reduction in the net photosynthesis rate (PN) in rice plants. During the first 16 days of P deficiency, the maximum efficiency of PSII photochemistry (Fv/Fm), the effective PSII quantum yield (ϕPSII), the electron transport rate (ETR) as well as photochemical quenching (qP) in the P-limited rice plants kept close to the control, but the excitation energy capture efficiency of PSII reaction centers (Fv/Fm) was significantly declined in the P-deficient rice leaves. Meanwhile, in the stressed leaves, we also found a significant increase in nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) as well as in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). It was indicated that a series of photoprotective mechanisms had been initiated in rice plants in response to short-term P deficiency. Therefore, PSII functioning was not affected significantly under such stress. As P deficiency continued, the excess excitation energy was accumulated in excess of the capacity of photoprotection systems. When the rice suffered from P deficiency more than 16 days, ϕPSII, ETR, and qP were decreased more rapidly than that in the control plants, although NPQ still kept higher in the stressed plants. These results were also consistent with the data on the distribution of excitation energy. The excess energy induced the generation of reactive oxygen species, which might lead to the further damage to PSII functioning.

Oryza sativa photosynthetic characteristics phosphorus deficiency chlorophyll fluorescence photoprotective mechanisms 

Abbreviations and designations


ascorbate peroxidase


ascorbic acid


intercellular CO2 concentration




fraction of light absorbed in PSII antennae, which is dissipated as heat


electron transport rate


fraction of excess excitation energy neither dissipated in the PSII antennae nor utilized for photochemistry


maximum efficiency of PSII photochemistry


efficiency of excitation energy capture by photosystem II reaction centers


stomatal conductance


nitro blue tetrazolium


fraction of light absorbed in PSII antennae, which is utilized in PSII antennae photochemistry


net photosynthesis rate


incident photosynthetic photon flux density


photosystem II


photochemical quenching




nonphotochemical quenching


reactive oxygen species


superoxide dismutase


effective PSII quantum yield


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Institute of HorticultureZhejiang Academy of Agriculture SciencesHangzhouChina

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