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Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 186–192 | Cite as

Effect of salt stress on antioxidant system of plants as related to nitrogen nutrition

  • O. G. Polesskaya
  • E. I. Kashirina
  • N. D. Alekhina
Article

Abstract

In plants of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in the media with nitrate (NO 3 plants), ammonium (NH 4 + plants), and without nitrogen (N-deficient plants), the response to oxidative stress induced by the addition of 300 mM NaCl to the nutrient solution was investigated. Three-day-long salinization induced chlorophyll degradation and accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the leaves. These signs of oxidative stress were clearly expressed in NO 3 and N-deficient plants and weakly manifested in NH 4 + plants. In none of the treatments, salinization induced the accumulation of MDA in the roots. Depending on the conditions of N nutrition, salt stress was accompanied by diverse changes in the activity of antioxidant enzymes in the leaves and roots. Resistance of leaves of NH 4 + plants to oxidative stress correlated with a considerable increase in the activities of ascorbate peroxidase and glutathione reductase. Thus, wheat plants grown on the NH 4 + -containing medium were more resistant to the development of oxidative stress in the leaves than those supplied with nitrate.

Key words

Triticum aestivum nitrogen nutrition salt stress antioxidant enzymes 

Abbreviations

APO

ascorbate peroxidase

CAT

catalase

GTR

glutathione reductase

MDA

malondialdehyde

PO

peroxidase

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SOD

superoxide dismutase

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. G. Polesskaya
    • 1
  • E. I. Kashirina
    • 1
  • N. D. Alekhina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of BiologyMoscow State UniversityVorob’evy gory, MoscowRussia

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