Activity of a Sulfated Zirconia Catalyst in Isomerization of n-Butane Fractions
Palladium-containing catalyst based on binder-free granular sulfated zirconium oxide for n-butane isomerization has been investigated. It has been found that Pd content of 0.2–1.0 wt % slightly influences textural characteristics and other physicochemical properties of bifunctional catalysts; however, it determines their activity and selectivity in the reaction studied, with the optimal palladium content being 0.5 wt %. Parameters of the isomerization process have been studied depending on the composition of industrial n-butane fractions. It has been shown that impurities of isobutane, propane, neopentane, isopentane and pentane in an amount of no more than 2% do not exert a effect on isobutane production; nonetheless, the conversion of n-butane and selectivity for isobutane both increase when more pure n-butane fractions are used. It has been found that the process for isobutane production by isomerization of the n-butane fraction under the optimal conditions at H2 /n-C4 = 0.1 and 140–150°C makes it possible to obtain a high isobutane yield (up to 52 wt %) and avoid the undue formation of С1–С3 alkanes.
Keywords:sulfated zirconia palladium low-temperature isomerization n-butane isobutane bifunctional catalyst
This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (unique project identifier RFMEFI60717X0169.
CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
The authors declare the absence of conflict of interests demanding disclosure in this paper.
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