Open waveguides in a thin Dirichlet ladder: I. Asymptotic structure of the spectrum
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The spectra of open angular waveguides obtained by thickening or thinning the links of a thin square lattice of quantum waveguides (the Dirichlet problem for the Helmholtz equation) are investigated. Asymptotics of spectral bands and spectral gaps (i.e., zones of wave transmission and wave stopping, respectively) for waveguides with variously shaped periodicity cells are found. It is shown that there exist eigenfunctions of two types: localized around nodes of a waveguide and on its links. Points of the discrete spectrum of a perturbed lattice with eigenfunctions concentrated about corners of the waveguide are found.
Keywordssquare lattice of quantum waveguides open waveguides spectrum asymptotics spectral gaps trapped modes
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