Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation

, Volume 26, Issue 7, pp 755–770 | Cite as

Reef Construction in the Second Half of the Permian and Biotic Crisis at the Permian–Triassic Boundary

  • V. G. KuznetsovEmail author


The Middle–Late Permian reefs were formed in two paleogeographic realms: North Pangaea and Tethyan Realm. The basic reef builders in the first realm were representatives of Calcispongiae and Bryozoa; in the second realm, sphinctozoans, corals, and stromatoporoids. In these realms, various algae and cyanobacteria communities were of importance. Reef construction in the first realm associated with arid climatic conditions, isolation of water basins, and accumulation of salt-bearing sequences came to the end in the early Late Permian. Reef construction in the Tethyan Realm occurred in the Late Permian up to the Permian–Triassic boundary. The termination of reef construction was due to features of the reef ecosystem, which turned out to be unstable against the background of variations in the conditions and mass extinction at the Permian–Triassic boundary and dissociated before the termination of this extinction.


reef construction Middle and Late Permian reefs biotic crisis Permian–Triassic boundary 



I would like to express my gratitude to E.Ya. Leven, I.S. Barskov, Yu.D. Zakharov, T.B. Leonova, and N.L. Fortunatova for important and extremely useful comments, consultations on the Permian stratigraphy, and providing us with additional information on the problems and to postgraduate student Liu Shiqi for assistance in obtaining publications on reefs of China, Chinese–Russian translation of the article, and assistance in graphic design of the given manuscript.

Reviewers Yu.D. Zakharov, T.B. Leonova, and N.K. Fortunatova


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and GasMoscowRussia

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