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Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation

, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 697–758 | Cite as

A candidate for the Global Stratotype Section and Point at the base of the Serpukhovian in the South Urals, Russia

  • B. C. Richards
  • S. V. Nikolaeva
  • E. I. Kulagina
  • A. S. Alekseev
  • E. N. Gorozhanina
  • V. M. Gorozhanin
  • V. A. Konovalova
  • N. V. Goreva
  • M. M. Joachimski
  • Y. A. Gatovsky
Article

Abstract

The Verkhnyaya Kardailovka section is one of the best candidates for the GSSP (Global Stratotype Section and Point) at the base of the Stage (Mississippian). For boundary definition, the first appearance of the conodont Lochriea ziegleri Nemirovskaya, Perret et Meischner, 1994 in the lineage Lochriea nodosa (Bischoff, 1957)−L. ziegleri is used. L. ziegleri appears in the Venevian Substage somewhat below the base of the Serpukhovian in the Moscow Basin. The position of the FAD of L. ziegleri within the HypergoniatitesFerganoceras Genozone is confirmed and lies between 19.53 and 19.63 m above the section’s base. Before 2010, deep-water stylonodular limestone containing the boundary in unnamed formation C at Kardailovka was well exposed but only 3 m of Viséan strata cropped out immediately below. Recent trenching exposed another 10 m of underlying Viséan carbonates in formation C and older Viséan siliciclastics and volcanics in unnamed formation B. The contact between formation B and underlying crinoidal limestones in unnamed formation A representing the middle Viséan Zhukovian (Tulian) regional Substage was excavated. The boundary succession, situated in the Magnitogorsk tectonic zone above the Devonian Magnitogorsk arc and Mississippian magmatic and sedimentary rift succession, was deposited west of the Kazakhstanian continent during closure of the Ural Ocean. In the lower part of the section, Viséan tuffaceous siliciclastics and volcanics of formation B record rapid deepening after deposition of neritic middle Viséan crinoid lime grainstone of formation A and subsequent subaerial exposure. The overlying condensed upper Viséan to Serpukhovian succession in formation C comprises deep-water limestone deposited in a sediment-starved basin recording minor turbidite influx and carbonate-mound development. The δ13Ccarb plot shows a positive shift of 1‰ V-PDB (from +2 to +3‰) between 17.0 and 17.75 m (3.05 and 1.97 m below FAD L. ziegleri). The δ18Oapatite graph displays a prominent upward shift from 19.9 to 21.1‰ V-SMOW (at 19.15 to 19.51 m) in the nodosa Zone below FAD of Lochriea ziegleri.

Keywords

Viséan Serpukhovian South Urals conodonts foraminifers ammonoids Lochriea ziegleri GSSP 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. C. Richards
    • 1
  • S. V. Nikolaeva
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • E. I. Kulagina
    • 5
  • A. S. Alekseev
    • 2
    • 6
  • E. N. Gorozhanina
    • 5
  • V. M. Gorozhanin
    • 5
  • V. A. Konovalova
    • 2
  • N. V. Goreva
    • 7
  • M. M. Joachimski
    • 8
  • Y. A. Gatovsky
    • 6
  1. 1.Geological Survey of Canada–CalgaryAlbertaCanada
  2. 2.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Natural History MuseumLondonUK
  4. 4.Kazan Federal UniversityKazanRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Geology, Ufa Science CentreRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussia
  6. 6.Department of Paleontology, Geological FacultyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  7. 7.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  8. 8.GeoZentrum NordbayernErlangenGermany

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