Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 119–130 | Cite as

Formation of the Archean crust of the ancient Vodlozero domain (Baltic shield)

  • N. A. Arestova
  • V. P. Chekulaev
  • S. B. Lobach-Zhuchenko
  • G. A. Kucherovskii


The available geological, petrological, and isotopic data on Archean rocks of the Baltic shield are used to analyze the formation of the crust of the ancient Vodlozero domain. This made it possible to reveal the succession of endogenic processes in different parts of the domain and correlate them between each other. Several stages of magmatic processes reflecting changes in magma-generation environments are definable in the crust formation. The earliest stages of magmatism (3.24 and 3.13–3.15 Ga) are mostly represented by rocks of the tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite association. The next stage of endogenic activity (3020–2900 Ma) was marked by the formation of volcanics of the komatiite-basalt and andesite-dacite associations constituting greenstone belts in marginal parts of the Vodlozero domain and basic dikes accompanied by layered pyroxenite-norite-diorite intrusion in its central part. These basic bodies crossing earlier tonalities were formed in extension settings related to the formation of the mantle plume, which is confirmed by the rock composition. This stage culminated in the formation of trondhjemites at margins of greenstone structure. The next stage of endogenic activity commenced at 2890-2840 Ma by the emplacement of high-magnesian gabbro and diorite dikes in the western margin of the domain, where they cross rocks of the tonalitetrondhjemite association. This stage was marked by the formation of intermediate-acid subvolcanic bodies and dikes as well as basite intrusions including the layered and differentiated Semch intrusion, the largest one in the Vodlozero domain. The stage culminated at approximately 2850 Ma in the emplacement of tonalities of the limited distribution being represented by the Shilos massif in the north of the domain and Shal’skii massif on the eastern shore of Lake Onega. The important stage in the geological history of the Vodlozero domain is the formation of the intracratonic Matkalakhta greenstone belt at approximately 2.8 Ga, which includes arenite quartzite and graywackes and polymictic conglomerates developed in the Lake Oster area in addition to volcanics. These rocks indicate a stable tectonic regime, which resulted in deep erosion of the crust. The emplacement of sanukitoids (2.73–2.74 Ga) as well as subsequent two-feldspar granites (2.68–2.70 Ga) and basite dikes (2.61–2.65 Ga) may be considered as resulting from the plume influence on the relatively stabilized sialic crust of the Baltic shield.


Baltic shield Vodlozero domain isotopic age of rocks geodynamics 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abraham, K., Foley, S.F., and Hofmann, A., Time-related changes in the Si isotopic composition of Palaeoto Mesoarchaean granitoids, in Proc. Goldschmidt Conf. Florence, 2013.Google Scholar
  2. Arestova, N.A., Petrology of Archean Lai-Ruchei layered basite intrusion, Vodlozero Block (SE Karelia), in Dokembrii severnoi Evrazii. Mezhd. soveshch. 15–18 aprelya 1997 g., Sankt-Peterburg. Tezisy dokladov (Proc. Int. Conf. “The Precambrian of the Northern Eurasia”, April 15–18, 1997, St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg: IGGD RAN, 1997 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. Arestova, N.A., The origin of basalts of Archean greenstone belts of the Baltic Shield: sources and geodynamic regimes of formation as evidenced from the geochemical data, Regional. Geol. Metallogen., 2008, no. 36, pp. 5–18.Google Scholar
  4. Arestova, N.A., Chekulaev, V.P., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., et al., Correlation of Archean events in the Vodlozero Domain in the light of new geological and isotope data, in Sovremennye problemy magmatizma i metamorfizma. Mat. Vseross. konf., posvyashchennoi 150-letiyu akademika F.Yu. Levinsona-Lessinga i 100-letiyu professora G.M. Saranchinoi (Proc. All-Russ. Conf. Dedicated to the 150th Anniversary of the Academician F.Yu. Levinson-Lessing and the 100th Anniversary of Prof. G.M. Saranchina “Modern Problems in Magmatism and Metamorphism”), St. Petersburg. Gos. Univ., 2012b, vol. 1, pp. 46–49.Google Scholar
  5. Arestova, N.A., Chekulaev, V.P., Matveeva, L.V., et al., New age data on the Archean rocks of the Vodlozero domain, Baltic shield, and their significance for geodynamic reconstructions, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2012a, vol. 442, no. 1, pp. 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Babushkina, M.S., Nikitina, L.P., Goncharov, A.G., and Ponomareva, N.I., Water in the structure of minerals from mantle peridotites as controlled bythermal and redox conditions in the upper mantle, Geol. Ore Deposit., 2009, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 712–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chekulaev, V.P., Arestova, N.A., Berezhnaya, N.G., and Presnyakov, S.L., New data on the age of the oldest tonalitetrondhjemite association in the Baltic Shield, Stratigr. Geol. Correl., 2009a, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 230–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chekulaev, V.P., Arestova, N.A., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., and Sergeev, S.A., Age of dikes in ancient tonalites of the Vodlozero terrane as the key to Archean evolution of basic magmatism of the Fennoscandian shield, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2009b, vol. 428, no. 1, pp. 1117–1119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Condie, K.C., High field strength element ratios in Archean basalts: a window to evolving sources of mantle plumes?, Lithos, 2005, vol. 79, pp. 491–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gosudarstvennaya geologicheskaya karta RF masshtaba 1: 200000. Izdanie vtoroe. Seriya Karel’skaya. List R-36-XII (Medvezh’egorsk). Ob”yasnitel’naya zapiska (The 1: 200000 State Geological map of the Russian Federation, the 2nd ed. Series Carelian. Sheet R-36-XII (Medvezh’egorsk)), St. Petersburg: VSEGEI, 2013 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. Kamei, A., Owada, M., Nagao, T., and Shairaki, K., High-Mg diorites derived from sanukitic HMA magmas, Kyushu Island, Southwest Japan: evidence from clinopyroxene and whole rock composition, Lithos, 2004, vol. 75, pp. 359–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kozhevnikov, V.N., Berezhnaya, N.G., Presnyakov, S.L, et al., Geochronology (SHRIMP II) of zircons from Archean stratotectonic associations of Karelian greenstone belts: significance for stratigraphic and geodynamic reconstructions, Stratigr. Geol. Correl., 2006, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 240–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kozhevnikov, V.N. and Skublov, S.G., Detritic zircons from the Archean quartzites of the Matlakhta greenstone belt of the Karelian Craton: hydrothermal alterations, mineral inclusions, and isotope age, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2010, vol. 430, pp. 223–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Chekulaev, V.P., Sergeev, S.A., et al., Archaean rocks from Southeastern Karelia (Karelian granite-greenstone terrain), Precambrian Res., 1993, vol. 62, pp. 375–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Chekulaev, V.P., Arestova, N.A, et al., Archean Terranes in Karelia: Geological and Isotopic-Geochemical Evidence, Geotectonics, 2000, vol. 34, pp. 452–466.Google Scholar
  16. Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Rollinson, H.R., Chekulaev, V.P., et al., High-Mg granitoids (sanukitoids) of the Baltic Shield—geological setting, geochemical characteristics and implication for the origin of mantle derived melt, Lithos, 2005, vol. 79, pp. 107–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Rollinson, H.R., Chekulaev, V.P., et al., Geology and petrology of the Archean high-K and high-Mg Panozero massif, Central Karelia, Petrology, 2007, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 459–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Glebovitskii, V.A., and Arestova, N.A., Mantle sources of rocks in the Vodlozero Domain of the Fennoscandian Shield, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2009, vol. 429, no. 1, pp. 1284–1287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mertanen, S., Vuollo, J.I., Huhma, H., et al., Early Paleoproterozoic-Archean dykes and gneisses in Russian Karelia of the Fennoscandian Shield—new paleomagnetic, isotope age and geochemical investigation, Precambrian Res., 2006, vol. 144, pp. 239–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Myskova, T.A., Zhitnikova, I.A., Arestova, N.A., et al., New data about composition and age of rocks of the Shilossky Complex of Central Karelia, in Mat. Vseross. konf., posvyashchennoi 150-letiyu akademika F.Yu. Levinsona-Lessinga i 100-letiyu professora G.M. Saranchinoi (Proc. All-Russ. Conf. Devoted to 150-Annyversary of the Academician F.Yu. Levinson-Lessing and the 100th Anniversary of Prof. G.M. Saranchina “Modern Problems of Magmatism and Metamorphism”), St. Petersburg. State Univ., 2012, vol. 2, pp. 82–85.Google Scholar
  21. Puchtel, I.S., Hofman, A.W., Amelin, Yu.V., et al., Combined mantle plume-island arc model for the formation of the 2.9 Ga Sumozero-Kenozero greenstone belt, SE Baltic Shield: isotope and trace element constraints, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 1999, vol. 63, pp. 3579–3595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Puchtel, I.S., Humayuna, M., and Walker, R.J., Os-Pb-Nd isotope and highly siderophile and lithophile trace element systematic of komatiitic rocks from the Volotsk Suite, SE Baltic Shield, Precambrian Res., 2007, vol. 158, pp. 119–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Puchtel, I.S., Zhuravlev, D.Z., Kulikova, V.V., et al., Komatiites of the Vodlozero Block (Baltic Shield), Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1991, vol. 317, no. 1, pp. 197–202.Google Scholar
  24. Rannii dokembrii Baltiiskogo shchita (Early Precambrian of the Baltic Shield) Glebovitskii, V.A., Ed., St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2005 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. Salnikova, E., Arestova, N., and Kovalenko, A., U-Pb zircon age of gabbro from the Volotsk Suite, in Proc. Goldschmidt Conf. Vancouver, 2008.Google Scholar
  26. Sergeev, S.A., Bibikova, E.V., Matukov, D.I., and Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Age of the magmatic and metamorphic processes in the Vodlozero Complex, Baltic Shield: an ion microprobe (SHRIMP II) U-Th-Pb isotopic study of zircons, Geochem. Int., 2007, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 198–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sergeev, S.A., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Arestova, N.A, et al., Age and geochemistry of zircons from the ancient granitoids of the Vyg River, Southeastern Karelia, Geochem. Int., 2008, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 595–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sun, S. and McDonough, W.F., Chemical and isotopic systematic of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes, in Magmatism in the Ocean Basins, Saunders, A.D. and Norry, M.J., Eds., Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 1989, vol. 42, pp. 313–345.Google Scholar
  29. Svetov, S.A., Magmaticheskie sistemy perekhoda okean kontinent v arkhee vostochnoi chasti Fennoskandinavskogo shchita (Magmatic Systems of the Ocean-Continent Transition Zone in the Archean in the Eastern Fennoscandian Shield), Petrozavodsk: Karelian Sci. Center RAN, 2005 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. Svetov, S.A., Svetova, A.I., and Nazarova, T.N., VedlozeroSegozero greenstone belt of Central Karelia—new geochronological data and interpretation of results, in Geologiya i poleznye iskopaemye Karelii (Geology and Mineral Resources of Karelia), Petrozavodsk: Karelian Sci. Center RAN, 2010, Iss. 13, pp. 5–12.Google Scholar
  31. Vrevskii, A.B., Geochemical and isotopic signatures of nonsubduction mechanisms of formation of the Neoarchean continental lithosphere of the Fennoscandian shield, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2009, vol. 429, no. 2, pp. 1575–1579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vrevskii, A.B., Lobach-Zhuchenko, S.B., Chekulaev, V.P., et al., Geological, petrologic, isotopic, and geochemical constraints of geodynamic models simulating formation of the Archean tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite associations in ancient cratons, Geotectonics, 2010, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 305–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhitnikova, I.A., Myskova, T.A., Presnyakov, S.L., and L’vov, P.A., Isotope age and composition of Mesoarchean basite magmatism of the South Vygozero greenstone structure, in Mat. Vseross. konf., posvyashchennoi 150-letiyu akademika F.Yu. Levinsona-Lessinga i 100-letiyu professora G.M. Saranchinoi (Proc. All-Russ. Conf. Dedicated to the 150th Anniversary of the Academician F.Yu. Levinson-Lessing and the 100th Anniversary of Prof. G.M. Saranchina “Modern Problems of Magmatism and Metamorphism”), St. Petersburg. State Univ., 2012, vol. 1, pp. 213–215.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Arestova
    • 1
  • V. P. Chekulaev
    • 1
  • S. B. Lobach-Zhuchenko
    • 1
  • G. A. Kucherovskii
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Precambrian Geology and GeochronologyRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations