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Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 518–537 | Cite as

Upper Campanian-lower Maastrichtian sections of northern Rostov oblast: Article 2. Depositional environments and paleogeography

  • V. N. Beniamovskii
  • A. S. Alekseev
  • A. V. Podgaetskii
  • M. N. Ovechkina
  • V. S. Vishnevskaya
  • L. F. Kopaevich
  • V. G. Pronin
Article

Abstract

The study present the results of the integrated study on the Belgorod and Pavlovka formations (upper Campanian), Sukhodol Formation (Campanian-Maastrichtian), and Efremovo-Stepanovka Formation (Maastrichtian). Variations in lithological indicators and associated changes in the biotic assemblages were used to distinguish three stages in the basin evolution separated by hiatuses (Belgorod-Pavlovka, Sukhodol, and Efremovo-Stepanovka). This basin occupied the upland area in the north of the Paleozoic Donets Basin during late Campanian-early Maastrichtian times. Each stage was characterized by a specific depositional environment accompanied either by a decrease or by an increase in the terrigenous sediment supply from the Donets Basin and, possibly, Ukrainian Shield and sea-level and temperature fluctuations, as well as specific paleobiogeographic relations. During the Belgorod-Pavlovka stage, the basin was characterized by relatively deep-water environments, with warm waters and normal salinity, and predominantly carbonate sedimentation. The Sukhodol stage was marked by terrigenous sedimentation, a predominance of the agglutinated foraminiferal forms, and abundant radiolarians, which occurred during a marine regression and overall cooling. This stage corresponds to the global “Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary event.” The first half of the Efremovo-Stepanovka stage was marked by resumed carbonate sedimentation, warming, transgression, and deepening of the basin, which were replaced by a renewed regression at the end of this time interval.

Keywords

upper Campanian lower Maastrichtian depositional environments paleogeography biotic and abiotic events Rostov oblast Russia 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Beniamovskii
    • 1
  • A. S. Alekseev
    • 2
    • 4
  • A. V. Podgaetskii
    • 3
  • M. N. Ovechkina
    • 4
    • 5
  • V. S. Vishnevskaya
    • 1
  • L. F. Kopaevich
    • 2
    • 4
  • V. G. Pronin
    • 6
  1. 1.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral ResourcesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Borisyak Paleonotological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Joint Council for Geoscience/University of KwaZulu-Natal Marine Geoscience UnitDurbanSouth Africa
  6. 6.AerogeologiyaMoscowRussia

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