, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 178–195 | Cite as

Geodynamics and sources of preaccretionary magmatism in western Mongolia

  • D. V. KovalenkoEmail author
  • V. I. Lebedev
  • A. A. Mongush
  • Kh. N. Sat
  • O. A. Ageeva
  • E. V. Koval’chuk


The paper reports original isotopic and geochemical data on Early Precambrian lavas in the Ozernaya Zone in Mongolia. According to their normalized trace-element patterns, the rocks are classified into the following groups: (1) rocks similar to N-MORB; (2) rocks similar to E-MORB; (3) basalts enriched in trace elements, with HFSE minima; and (4) basalts depleted in trace elements, with HFSE minima. All of the lava types could be produced in an island arc—backarc basin system. The magmatic rocks of group (1) were likely formed in a spreading backarc basin, and those of group (2) were likely generated within the influ- ence zone of a hotspot or were derived from heterogeneous upper mantle domains. The lavas of group (3) seem to be fragments of an ensimatic, relatively primitive island arc. The basalts and basaltic andesites of group (4) were likely produced by mixing melts of groups (1) and (3). The fact that lavas of groups (1) and (4) sometimes intercalate within a single stratigraphic section suggests that the extension and subduction zones were closely spaced and operated simultaneously. The magmas of groups (1), (2), and (3) were derived from different mantle sources, which possessed different ratios of trace elements and were different in isotopic composition.


Olivine Cambrian Chert Pillow Lava Paleo Asian Ocean 
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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. V. Kovalenko
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. I. Lebedev
    • 2
  • A. A. Mongush
    • 2
  • Kh. N. Sat
    • 2
  • O. A. Ageeva
    • 1
  • E. V. Koval’chuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of the Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry (IGEM)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Tuva Institute of Comprehensive Management of Natural Resources, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesKyzylRussia

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