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Petrology

, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp 536–546 | Cite as

Late Quaternary high-temperature geyserites in the Ol’khon area, Baikal rift zone: Petrography, mineralogy, chemical composition, and genesis

  • E. V. SklyarovEmail author
  • T. M. Skovitina
  • O. A. Sklyarova
  • A. B. Kotov
  • E. V. Tolmacheva
  • S. D. Velikoslavinskii
Article

Abstract

Late Quaternary geyserites in the Ol’khon area, Baikal rift zone, are a geologically and petrologically unique rocks, which may provide information on the character of hydrothermal processes during the development of modern rift zones. The geyserites of this area are characterized by the presence of minerals atypical of such rocks: highly crystalline graphite (which is usually formed at high temperatures) and α-carbyne (which is a natural carbon modification that has been previously found only among products of experiments). Other newly formed minerals of the geyserites are equilibrium chalcedony, talc, and tremolite. This suggests that the rocks were formed under conditions significantly different from those under which classic geyserites are produced. Geyserites in the Ol’khon area were most probably produced by silica-saturated solutions rich in certain ore components (Fe, Mn, Sb, As, and Y) and heated to temperatures of about 400°C.

Keywords

Travertine Rift Zone Siberian Craton Siliceous Material Chalcedony 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. V. Sklyarov
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • T. M. Skovitina
    • 1
  • O. A. Sklyarova
    • 2
    • 4
  • A. B. Kotov
    • 3
  • E. V. Tolmacheva
    • 3
  • S. D. Velikoslavinskii
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Precambrian Geology and GeochronologyRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Far Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia

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