Journal of Volcanology and Seismology

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 305–319 | Cite as

Organic compounds in thermal water: The Mutnovskii area and the Uzon caldera

  • V. N. KompanichenkoEmail author
  • V. A. Poturay
  • G. A. KarpovEmail author


New data are reported relating to the presence and relative concentrations of organic compounds of medium volatility in samples from the water of hot springs and in the condensate of a steam–water mixture from wells drilled in the Mutnovskii geothermal area and from a well and springs in the Uzon caldera. The Mutnovskii area was found to contain 95 compounds belonging to 16 homologous series, with 71 compounds (12 series) in the Uzon caldera. Among these we found homologous series of biologically important compounds: carbonic acids, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, and others. Evidence was obtained for a contribution of the abiogenic component in organic matter from sterile condensates of an overheated steam–water mixture from wells (alkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, ketones, alcohols, and others) and in thermal water from natural discharges (in particular, alkanes and chlorine-containing hydrocarbons). The results of this study can be used for the preparation and conduction of laboratory experiments in prebiological chemistry under conditions that simulate a hydrothermal environment.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beskrovnyi, N.S. and Lebedev, B.A., An occurrence of oil in the caldera of Uzon Volcano, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1971, vol. 201, no. 4, pp. 953–956.Google Scholar
  2. Beskrovnyi, N.S. and Kudryavtseva, T.P., Organic matter in the hydrothermal systems of geodynamic belts: Kamchatka, in Formirovanie vodorastvorennogo kompleksa podzemnykh vod neftegazovykh basseinov (The Formation of a Water-Soluble Complex of Ground Water in Oil–Gas Basins), Trudy VNIGRI, 1977, no. 396, pp. 121–136.Google Scholar
  3. Braitseva, O.A., Bogoyavlenskaya, G.E., and Erlikh, E.N., The geologic structure of the Uzon–Geyser Valley depression, in Vulkanizm, gidrotermal’nyi protsess i rudoobrazovanie (Volcanism, the Hydrothermal Process, and Mineralization), Moscow: Nedra, 1974, pp. 10–32.Google Scholar
  4. Bray, E.E. and Evans, E.D., Distribution of n-paraffines as a clue to recognition of source beds, Geochim. et Cosmoch. Acta, 1961, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 2–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bray, E.E. and Evans, E.D., Hydrocarbons in non reservoir-rock source beds, Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull., 1965, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 248–257.Google Scholar
  6. Chudaev, O.V., Chudaeva, V.A., Karpov, G.A., et al., Geokhimiya vod osnovnykh geotermal’nykh raionov Kamchatki (Water Geochemistry of Major Geothermal Areas in Kamchatka), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2000.Google Scholar
  7. Deamer, D.W., First Life, University of California Press, Berkeley CA, 2011.Google Scholar
  8. Florenskii, I.V., On the age of the Uzon and Krasheninnikova calderas, Vulkanol. Seismol., 1984, no. 1, pp. 102–106.Google Scholar
  9. Holm, N.G. and Andersson, E., Hydrothermal simulation experiments as a tool for studies for the origin of life on Earth and other terrestrial planets: A review, Astrobiology, 2005, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 444–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hunt, J.M., Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology, San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Company, 1979.Google Scholar
  11. Isidorov, V.A., Zenkevich, I.G., and Karpov, G.A., Volatile organic compounds in steam–gas discharges of some volcanoes and hydrothermal systems in Kamchatka, Vulkanol. Seismol., 1991, no. 3, pp. 19–25.Google Scholar
  12. Isidorov, V.A., Zenkevich, I.G., and Karpov, G.A., Volatile organic compounds in steam-gas outflows of several volcanoes and hydrothermal systems in Kamchatka, Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 1992, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 287–293.Google Scholar
  13. Karpov, G.A., Sovremennye gidrotermy i rtutno-sur’myanomysh’yakovoe orudenenie (Present-Day Hydrotherms and Mercury–Antimony–Arsenic Mineralization), Moscow: Nauka, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. Karpov, G.A. and Pavlov, A.L., Uzon-Geizernaya gidrotermal’naya rudoobrazuyushchaya sistema Kamchatki (The Uzon–Geyser-Valley Hydrothermal Mineralization System in Kamchatka), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1976.Google Scholar
  15. Karpov, G.A., Nikolaeva, A.G., Akimov, V.N., and Gal’chenko, V.F., The evolution of the behavior and physico-chemical characteristics of solutions in the new geyser in Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, J. Volcanol. Seismol., 2012, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 131–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kiryukhin, A.V., Moskalev, L.K., Polyakov, A.Yu., and Chernev, I.I., Changes in the thermohydrodynamical and gas–hydrochemical reservoir regime during the operation of the Mutnovskii geothermal field, in Vserossiiskoe soveshchanie po podzemnym vodam vostoka Rossii (XVIII soveshchanie po podzemnym vodam Sibiri i Dal’nego Vostoka), (All-Russia Conference on Ground Water in Eastern Russia (XVIII Conference on Ground Water in Siberia and the Far East)), Irkutsk 2006, pp. 267–270.Google Scholar
  17. Kompanichenko, V.N., Inversion concept of the origin of life, Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 2012, vol. 42 (2–3), pp. 153–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kompanichenko, V.N. and Karpov, G.A., Fluctuating hydrothermal environments in Kamchatka peninsula relevant for the origin of life, Abstracts of 10th EANA Workshop, Pushchino (Russia), 2010, pp. 15–16.Google Scholar
  19. Kompanichenko, V.N., Poturay, V.A., and Rapoport, V.L., Organic matter in hydrothermal systems on the Russian Far East in the context of prebiotic chemistry, Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 2010, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 516–517.Google Scholar
  20. Kontorovich, A.E., Bortnikova, S.B., Karpov, G.A., et al., The caldera of Uzon Volcano, Kamchatka: A unique natural laboratory of present-day of naphthene generation, Geologiya i Geofizika, 2011, vol. 52 (8), pp. 986–990.Google Scholar
  21. Kovalev, G.N. and Slezin, Yu.B., Methods for measuring heat flow through thermal water reservoirs and the thermal power of the Uzon caldera, in Vulkanizm, gidrotermal’nyi protsess i rudoobrazovanie (Volcanism, the Hydrothermal Process, and Mineralization), Moscow: Nedra, 1974, pp. 10–16.Google Scholar
  22. Leonov, V.L., Grib, E.N., Karpov, G.A., et al., Uzon Caldera and the Geyser Valley, in: Deistvuyushchie vulkany Kamchatki. Tom 2 (Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol. 2), Moscow: Nauka, 1991, pp. 94–137.Google Scholar
  23. Mukhin, L.M., Bondarev, V.B., Vakin, E.A., et al., Amino acids in the hydrothermal waters of southern Kamchatka, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1979, vol. 244, no. 4, pp. 974–977.Google Scholar
  24. Mulkidjanian, A.Y., Bychkov, A.Yu., Dibrova, D.V., et al., Origin of first cells at terrestrial, anoxic geothermal fields, Proceedings of National Academy of Science (PNAS), 2012, / doi 10.1073/pnas.1117774109:1-10Google Scholar
  25. Simoneit, B.R.T., A review of biomarker compounds as source indicators and tracers for air pollution, Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 1999, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 159–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Simoneit, B., Deamer, D., and Kompanichenko, V., Characterization of hydrothermally generated oil from the Uzon caldera, Kamchatka, Applied Geochemistry, 2009, vol. 24, pp. 303–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vakin, E.A., Kirsanov, I.T., and Kirsanova, T.P., Thermal fields and hot springs in the Mutnovskii volcanic area, in Gidrotermal’nye sistemy i termal’nye polya Kamchatki (Hydrothermal Systems and Thermal Fields of Kamchatka), Vladivostok: DVNTs, 1976, pp. 85–114.Google Scholar
  28. Varfolomeev, S.D., Karpov, G.A., Sinal, G.-A., et al., The youngest oil on Earth, Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 2011, vol. 438, no. 3, pp. 345–347.Google Scholar
  29. Zavarzin, G.A., Karpov, G.A., Bonch-Osmolovskaya, E.A., et al., Kal’dernye mikroorganizmy (Caldera Microorganisms), Moscow: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesBirobidzhanRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiiRussia

Personalised recommendations