Water contaminated by fresh tephra as a natural hazard factor: The 2008–2009 eruption of Koryakskii Volcano, Kamchatka

  • I. V. Melekestsev
  • E. V. Kartasheva
  • T. P. Kirsanova
  • A. A. Kuz’mina
Article

Abstract

This study is the first to show, using data from the eruption of Koryakskii Volcano, Kamchatka that began in December 2008 and continued through 2009 that the water in permanent and temporary streams that start on the slopes of the volcanic cone and in temporary lakes when contaminated with fresh tephra is a specific hazard factor related to long-continued hydrothermal-phreatic eruptions on that volcano. This water is characterized by increased acidity (pH 4.1–4.35) and large amounts (up to 50–100 cm3/liter) of solid suspension and is unfit for drinking and irrigation. When combined with tephra, it probably produced mass destruction of a number of animals who lived on the slopes and at the base of the volcano. The water contaminated with tephra is an important component of the atmospheric mud flows occurring on Koryakskii Volcano; for several future years it will be a potential source for enhancing the acidity of ground water in the volcanic edifice.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Melekestsev
    • 1
  • E. V. Kartasheva
    • 1
  • T. P. Kirsanova
    • 1
  • A. A. Kuz’mina
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiiRussia

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