Active galactic nuclei and transformation of dark matter into visible matter
The hypothesis that dark matter is converted into visible particles in active galactic nuclei is investigated. If dark matter consists of stable superheavy neutral particles and active galactic nuclei are rotating black holes, then, due to the Penrose process, superheavy particles can decay into unstable particles with large mass, whose decay into quarks and leptons leads to events in cosmic rays observed by the Auger group. Similar processes of decay of superheavy particles of dark matter into visible matter occurred in the early Universe. Numerical estimates of the processes in active galactic nuclei and in the early Universe are given.
PACS numbers98.80.Cq 95.35.+d 98.70.Sa
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.A. A. Grib, S.G. Mamayev, and V.M. Mostepanenko, Vacuum Quantum Effects in Strong Fields (Friedmann Lab. Publ., St. Petersburg, 1994).Google Scholar
- 7.R. Penrose, Rivista Nuovo Cimento I, Num. Spec., 252 (1969).Google Scholar
- 9.Ya. B. Zel’dovich and I.D. Novikov, Gravitation Theory and Stars Evolution (Nauka, Moscow, 1971).Google Scholar
- 11.R. Aloisio, V. Berezinsky, and M. Kachelriess, Phys. Rev. D 74, 023516 (2006).Google Scholar
- 12.Astrophysics of Cosmic Rays, Ed. by V. L. Ginzburg (Nauka, Moscow, 1990).Google Scholar
- 15.A. A. Grib and Yu. V. Kryukov, Yadernaya Fizika 48, 1842 (1988) [Engl. transl. in Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. (USA) 48, 1109 (1988)].Google Scholar
- 16.V. Berezinsky, P. Blasi, and A. Vilenkin, Phys. Rev. D 58, 103515 (1998).Google Scholar
- 18.M. Gell-Mann, P. Ramond, and S. Slansky, in Supergravity, Ed. by P. van Niewenhuizen and D. Z. Freedman (Noth Holland, Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 315–321.Google Scholar