Advertisement

Water Resources

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 861–870 | Cite as

Possibility of the Application of Danube, Sava and Morava River Area Shallow Aquifer Groundwater (Serbia) in the Irrigation Purposes

  • Sanja Mrazovac KurilićEmail author
  • Novica StaletovićEmail author
  • Khalil Salem AbulsbaEmail author
  • Khaled Salem DagaliEmail author
WATER RESOURCES AND THE REGIME OF WATER BODIES
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents the results of the groundwater quality assessment, on the Serbian Danube, Sava and Morava River water area, for irrigation purposes. The analysis was done at 54 locations on the Danube, Sava and Morava River water area (Republic of Serbia). The approach to assess the groundwater quality indicators is based on the sustainable water exploitation and the protection of health and environment. This paper presents an overview of the chemical parameters of water samples from the groundwater sources of the Danube, Sava and Morava River water area, i.e. its shallow aquifer. Indicators on the basis of which the assessment of the possibility of water application for irrigation purposes was done are: electroconductivity, concentration of sodium ions, sodium absorption ratio, residual sodium carbonate, magnesium hazard and permeability index. Based on the presented indicators, the quality of the shallow aquifer groundwater on the Danube, Sava and Morava River water area for the irrigation purposes can be mostly assessed as satisfactory.

Keywords:

irrigation shallow aquifer groundwater Danube Sava Morava Serbia 

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Bauder, T.T., Waskom, R.M., and Davis J.G., Irrigation Water Criteria, Colorado State Univ., USA, 2007.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doneen, L.D., Notes on Water Quality in Agriculture, Department of Water Science and Engineering, University of California, Water Sci. Engineering, 1964.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eaton, F.M., Significance of carbonates in irrigation waters, Soil Sci., 1950, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 123–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Freeze, R.A. and Cherry, J.A., Groundwater: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1979.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kelly, W.P., Adsorbed sodium cation exchange capacity and percentage sodium sorption in alkali soils, Sci., 1957, vol. 84, pp. 473–477.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Matthess, G., The properties of Groundwater, New York: Wiley, 1982.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mohan, R., Sing, A.K., Tripathi, J.K. and Choudhary, G.C., Hydrochemistry quality assessment of groundwater in Naini industrial area, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, J. Geol. Society of India, 2000, vol. 55, pp. 77–89.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Paliwal, K.V., Irrigation with Saline Water, Water Technol. Centre, Indian Agriculture Res. Inst., New Delhi, 1972.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pfeifer, J., Balázsi, C., Kiss, B.A., Pécz, B., and Tóth, A.L., The influence of residual sodium on the formation and reductive decomposition of hexagonal tungsten oxide, J. Materials Sci. Lett., 1999, vol. 18, no. 14, pp. 1103–1105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Polomčić, D., Stevanović, Z., Dokmanović, P., Ristić Vakanjac, V., Hajdin, B., Milanović, S., and Bajić, D., Groundwater in Water Supply of Serbia–Current State and Perspectives, Faculty of Mining and Geol., Belgrade, 2011.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Prasad, A., Kumar, D., and Singh, D.V., Effect of residual sodium carbonate in irrigation water on the soil sodication and yield of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinni) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), Agricultural Water Management, 2001, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 161–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Robbinson, C.W., Sodium adsorption ratio-exchangeable sodium percentage relationships in a high potasium saline-sodic soil, Irrigation Sci., 1984, vol. 5, pp. 173–179.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Seilsepour, M., Rashidi, M., and Khabaz, B.G., Prediction of soil exchangeable sodium percentage based on soil sodium adsorption ratio, Am.-Eur. J. Agricultural Environ. Sci., 2009, vol. 5, pp. 1–4.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Szabolcs, I. and Darab, C., The influences of irrigation water of high sodium carbonate contents on soils, Proc 8 th Int. Congress Soil Sci. Sodic Soils, Res. Inst. Soil Sci. Agricultural Chem. Hungarian Acad. Sci., 1964, pp. 803–812.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Throne, D.W. and Peterson, H.B., Irrigated soils, London: Constable and Company Ltd., 1954, vol. 113, pp. 715–719.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Van de Graaff, R. and Patterson, R.A., Explaining the mysteries of salinity, sodicity, SAR and ESP in on-site practice, On-Site ‘01 Conference: Advancing On-site Wastewater Systems, University of Armidale, New England, 2001.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wilcox, L.V., Classification and Use of Irrigation Waters, US Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C, 1955.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    http://www.sepa.gov.rs/download/KvalitetVoda2016.pdfGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Protection, University “Union-Nikola Tesla”BelgradeSerbia

Personalised recommendations