Water Resources

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 331–341 | Cite as

Characterization and prediction of stormwater runoff quality in sub-tropical rural catchments

  • Puneet Pal Singh Cheema
  • Akepati S. Reddy
  • Sukhpreet Kaur
Water Quality and Protection: Environmental Aspects


Due to scarcity of local data on stormwater pollution levels and rainfall-runoff generation process, very few attempts have been made towards the management of stormwater in sub-tropical rural catchments. An attempt has been made in the present study to characterize and predict the stormwater runoff characteristics using regression modeling from five rural catchments in north-west India. Stormwater samples and flow data were collected from 75 storm events. Samples were analyzed for pH, total suspended solids (TSS), 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total kjeldhal nitrogen (TKN), total phosphorous (TP), nitrate-nitrogen (NO 3 - –N), total coliform count (TC), fecal coliform count (FC), Zn, Cu and Fe. It was found that size of the catchment and the land use practices influenced the stormwater quality even in predominantly rural areas, otherwise thought to be homogeneous. The results obtained were related with the antecedent dry days (ADD) and average rainfall. ADD was found to be positively correlated with pollutant loads whereas average rainfall showed negative correlation. The study highlights the importance of ADD in causing greater mean pollutant concentrations except for TKN, TP and NO 3 - –N. Regression models were developed for the studied catchments to estimate mean pollutant concentrations as a function of rainfall variables. Results revealed that measured pollutant concentrations demonstrated high variability with ADD and average rainfall in small rural catchments, whereas in large catchments, factors like land use, extent of imperviousness etc. resulted in low predictability of measured parameters.


antecedent dry days mean pollutant concentrations regression model rural catchment stormwater quality village pond 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Puneet Pal Singh Cheema
    • 1
  • Akepati S. Reddy
    • 2
  • Sukhpreet Kaur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringGuru Nanak Dev Engineering CollegeLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.School of Energy and EnvironmentThapar UniversityLudhianaIndia

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