Elliptic function of level 4
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The article is devoted to the theory of elliptic functions of level n. An elliptic function of level n determines a Hirzebruch genus called an elliptic genus of level n. Elliptic functions of level n are also of interest because they are solutions of the Hirzebruch functional equations. The elliptic function of level 2 is the Jacobi elliptic sine function, which determines the famous Ochanine–Witten genus. It is the exponential of the universal formal group of the form F(u, v) = (u 2 − v 2)/(uB(v) − vB(u)), B(0) = 1. The elliptic function of level 3 is the exponential of the universal formal group of the form F(u, v) = (u 2 A(v) − v 2 A(u))/(uA(v)2 − vA(u)2), A(0) = 1, A″(0) = 0. In the present study we show that the elliptic function of level 4 is the exponential of the universal formal group of the form F(u, v) = (u 2 A(v) − v 2 A(u))/(uB(v) − vB(u)), where A(0) = B(0) = 1 and for B′(0) = A″(0) = 0, A′(0) = A 1, and B″(0) = 2B 2 the following relation holds: (2B(u) + 3A 1 u)2 = 4A(u)3 − (3A 1 2 − 8B 2)u 2 A(u)2. To prove this result, we express the elliptic function of level 4 in terms of the Weierstrass elliptic functions.
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