Lévy Laplacians and instantons
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We describe dual and antidual solutions of the Yang–Mills equations by means of L´evy Laplacians. To this end, we introduce a class of L´evy Laplacians parameterized by the choice of a curve in the group SO(4). Two approaches are used to define such Laplacians: (i) the Lévy Laplacian can be defined as an integral functional defined by a curve in SO(4) and a special form of the second-order derivative, or (ii) the Lévy Laplacian can be defined as the Cesàro mean of second-order derivatives along vectors from the orthonormal basis constructed by such a curve. We prove that under some conditions imposed on the curve generating the Lévy Laplacian, a connection in the trivial vector bundle with base R4 is an instanton (or an anti-instanton) if and only if the parallel transport generated by the connection is harmonic for such a Lévy Laplacian.
KeywordsOrthonormal Basis STEKLOV Institute Bianchi Identity Parallel Transport Dense Basis
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