Optimal growth in a two-sector economy facing an expected random shock
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We develop an optimal growth model of an open economy that uses both an old (“dirty” or “polluting”) technology and a new (“clean”) technology simultaneously. A planner of the economy expects the occurrence of a random shock that increases sharply abatement costs in the dirty sector. Assuming that the probability of an exogenous environmental shock is distributed according to the exponential law, we use Pontryagin’s maximum principle to find the optimal investment and consumption policies for the economy.
Keywordsdynamic optimization optimal control Pontryagin’s maximum principle endogenous growth climate change random shock government policy technological development
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