Advertisement

Thermal Engineering

, Volume 65, Issue 11, pp 775–790 | Cite as

CHP Plants in Russia: the Necessity for Technological Renovation

  • S. P. Filippov
  • M. D. Dil’man
General Issues of the Energy Industry

Abstract

The role of combined heat and power (CHP) plants in the electric power industry of Russia is shown. The operational efficiency analysis of public service CHP plants and the fuel, power, and age structure of the existing CHP plants are carried out. Their main problems, such as underuse of generating equipment, excessive production in the condensing mode, high degree of equipment wear, and technological heterogeneity, are identified. The necessity of technological renovation of the CHP plants is shown. The energy efficiency of the combined production of electric and thermal energy by the existing CHP plants is compared to modern technologies for their separate gas and coal production. It is shown that the thermal capacity of the CHP plants in Russia exceeds the required capacity by almost two times. Estimates of the CHP plant thermal capacity necessary to cover the current heat loads are obtained for Russian regions. Main directions of the CHP plants' renewal based on the use of competitive domestic equipment and operation according to the heat load schedule are determined. Systemic impacts achieved by technological renewal are determined for gas-fired CHP plants with allowance for the climatic and load features of the Russian regions. It is shown that the technological renewal of gas-fired CHP plants will allow saving up to 16% of today’s fuel consumption, reducing the total CHP thermal capacity by 47.5% with the same volume and heat supply mode. The operation of a CHP plant according to the heat load schedule leads to a reduction in the electric capacity of the CHP plant by 20% with an increase in electricity generation by 11%. As a result, the consumption of the installed electric and thermal capacity of the CHP plant increases dramatically as does the fuel efficiency and the annual loading balance of external gas-fired condensing power plants. The needs for GTPs and CCGTs required for the technological renovation of the CHP plants is assessed. The necessity for developing competitive domestic medium and high power GTPs is considered.

Keywords

electric power industry combined heat and power plant gas-turbine plant combined-cycle gas turbine plant steam-turbine plant electric capacity cogeneration efficiency installed capacity utilization factor 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    F. V. Veselov, I. V. Erokhina, A. S. Makarova, and A. A. Khorshev, “Comprehensive assessment of the effective scope of modernization of thermal power plants to substantiate the rational structure of the generating capacities for the future until 2035,” Therm. Eng. 64, 161–169 (2017). doi 10.1134/S0040601517030107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. D. Dil’man and S. P. Filippov, “Requirements for fuel efficiency of prospective cogeneration plants,” Izv. Ross. Akad. Nauk. Energ., No. 5, 102–111 (2017).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    SP 131.13330.2012. Building Climatology. Actualized Edition of SNiP 23-01-99 (Minregion Rossii, Moscow, 2012).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Building Climatology. Reference Guide to SNiP 23-01-99, Ed. by V. K. Savin (NII stroitel’noi fiziki RAASN, Moscow, 2006).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. V. Klimenko, E. V. Fedotova, and A. G. Tereshin, “Vulnerability of the Russian power industry to the climate change,” Energy 142, 1010–1022 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. V. Klimenko, A. V. Klimenko, A. G. Tereshin, and E. V. Fedotova, “Impact of climate change on energy production, distribution, and consumption in Russia,” Therm. Eng. 65, 247–257 (2018). doi 10.1134/S0040601518050051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    O. N. Favorskii, S. P. Filippov, and V. L. Polishchuk, “Topical problems of providing the power industry of Russia with competitive equipment,” Herald Russ. Acad. Sci. 87, 310 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. P. Filippov, M. D. Dil’man, and M. S. Ionov, “Demand of the power industry of Russia for gas turbines: The current state and prospects,” Therm. Eng. 64, 829–840 (2017). doi 10.1134/S0040601517110052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    http://www.avid.ru/energy/engines/el/?id=24. Accessed March 28, 2018.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. A. Inozemtsev, “The project of cogeneration unit GTU-40P,” in Proc. 63rd Sci.-Tech. Session on the Problems of Gas Turbines and Cogeneration Units “Fundamental Problems of Localizing to Russia the Production parts of hot gas path of gas turbine units used in the national economy of Russia” Rybinsk, Sept. 20–22, 2016 (Gazoturbinnye Tekhnologii, Rybinsk, 2016), pp. 13–15. http://gtt. ru/shop/lxiii-nauchno-texnicheskaya-sessiya-po-problemam-gazovyx-turbin-i-parogazovyx-ustanovok-fundamentalnye-problemy-lokalizacii-proizvodstva-v-rossiidetalej-goryachego-trakta-gtu-ispolzuyushhixsya-v-nac/. Accessed March 29, 2018.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. A. Inozemtsev, “Progress in the implementation of the PD-14 program. The use of PD-14 engine technologies in the development of surface gas turbine units of maximum power,” in Proc. 63rd Scie.-Tech. Session on the Problems of Gas Turbines and Cogeneration Units “Fundamental Problems of Localizing to Russia the Production parts of hot gas path of gas turbine units used in the national economy of Russia” Rybinsk, Sept. 20–22, 2016 (Gazoturbinnye Tekhnologii, Rybinsk, 2016), pp. 8–10. http://gtt.ru/shop/lxiii-nauchno-texnicheskaya-sessiyapo-problemam-gazovyx-turbin-i-parogazovyx-ustanovokfundamentalnye-problemy-lokalizacii-proizvodstva-vrossii-detalej-goryachego-trakta-gtu-ispolzuyushhixsyav-nac/. Accessed March 29, 2018.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gas Turbine Power Stations Based on Gas Turbines Rated at 32 MW. https://www.reph.ru/production/energetic/664/. Accessed March 29, 2018.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gas Turbine Unit 6F.03 (6FA). https://www.rusgt.ru/products/6fa-gas-turbine/. Accessed March 29, 2018.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    GTD-110. http://www.npo-saturn.ru/?sat=70. Accessed April 2, 2018.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. R. Gasul’ and Yu. N. Shmotin, “Improving the reliability and developing the power range of gas turbine units on the basis of GTD-110M produced by PAO “NPO ‘Saturn’”,” in Proc. 63rd Sci.-Tech. Session on the Problems of Gas Turbines and Cogeneration Units “Fundamental Problems of Localizing to Russia the Production parts of hot gas path of gas turbine units used in the national economy of Russia” Rybinsk, Sept. 20–22, 2016 (Gazoturbinnye Tekhnologii, Rybinsk, 2016), pp. 3–8. http://gtt.ru/shop/lxiii-nauchno-texnicheskaya-sessiyapo-problemam-gazovyx-turbin-i-parogazovyx-ustanovokfundamentalnye-problemy-lokalizacii-proizvodstva-vrossii-detalej-goryachego-trakta-gtu-ispolzuyushhixsyav-nac/. Accessed March 29, 2018.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Siemens SGT-2000E Series Gas Turbines. Reliability, Durability, Maneurability (Siemens, 2011). https://www.energy.siemens.com/ru/pool/ru/PowerGeneration/SGTT/Downloads/SGT5-2000E_ru.pdf. Accessed April 3, 2018.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. P. Filippov and M. D. Dil’man, “Prospects of using cogeneration units in reconstruction of boilers,” Prom. Energ., No. 2, 7–11 (2014).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Energy StudiesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research UniversityHigher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations