Advertisement

Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 53, Issue 5, pp 815–820 | Cite as

Theoretical Foundations of Technology for the Production of Lithium Carbonate by the Ammonia Method

  • A. D. RyabtsevEmail author
  • N. P. Kotsupalo
  • A. A. Kurakov
  • L. T. Menzheres
  • V. I. Titarenko
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Theoretical foundations of technology for producing lithium carbonate of battery quality by the ammonia method have been developed. This technology is based on the precipitation of lithium carbonate from an aqueous solution of lithium chloride by its direct contact with a gaseous mixture of NH3 and CO2 in a 2 : 1 ratio, followed by NH3 reproduction by the decomposition of ammonium chloride with calcium hydroxide, which is a byproduct of interactions in the LiCl−NH3–CO2−H2O system. The applicability of the ammonia method for obtaining battery-quality Li2CO3 from sulfate, nitrate, and mixed lithium solutions has been shown.

Keywords:

lithium carbonate ammonia carbon dioxide ammonium chloride calcium oxide conversion soluble lithium salts 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Analiz kon"yunktury mirovogo rynka litiya i ego soedinenii na nachalo XXI v. Otchet po proektu “Litii Rossii” (Analysis of the State of the World Market for Lithium and Its Compounds at the Beginning of the 21st Century: A Report on the Project “Lithium of Russia”), Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2008.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kudryavtsev, P.G., Lithium: World’s reserves and prospects for use, Al’tern. Energ. Ekol., 2016, nos. 13–14, p. 62.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Obzor rynka litiya i ego soedinenii v mire i Rossii (A Review of the Market for Lithium and Its Compounds in the World and Russia), Moscow: Infomain, 2017, 2nd ed.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Burmistrova, N.A., Sycheva, V.A., Churikov, A.V., and Ivanishcheva, I.A., Lithium iron phosphate LiFePO4 as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, Elektrokhim. Energ., 2009, vol. 9, no. 4, p. 188.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    MarketWatch, Global lithium market outlook to 2026. www.marketwatch.com/story/the-global-lithium-market-outlook-to-2026-2026-11-15-4203139. Accessed April 28, 2018.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kotsupalo, N.P. and Ryabtsev, A.D., Khimiya i tekhnologiya polucheniya soedinenii litiya iz litienosnogo gidromineral’nogo syr’ya (Chemistry and Technology of the Production of Lithium Compounds from Lithium-Containing Hydromineral Raw Materials), Novosibirsk: GEO, 2008.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    MOST Marketing, Marketing research on the project “Organization of the production of lithium carbonate and coproducts from natural brines”, MOST Marketing Report. http://www.m-marketing.ru. Accessed April 28, 2018.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ryabtsev, A.D., Menzheres, L.T., Kurakov, A.A., and Gushchina, E.P., Interaction of ammonium bicarbonate with lithium chloride solutions, Theor. Found. Chem. Eng., 2006, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 649–654.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S0040579506060157 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ryabtsev, A.D., Titarenko, V.I., Kotsupalo, N.P., et al., RF Patent 2544806, 2015.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Plyushchev, V.E. and Stepin, B.D., Khimiya i tekhnologiya soedinenii litiya, rubidiya, tseziya (Chemistry and Technology of Compounds of Lithium, Rubidium, and Cesium), Moscow: Khimiya, 1970.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zaitsev, I.D., Tkach, G.A., and Stoev, N.D., Proizvodstvo sody (Soda Production), Moscow: Khimiya, 1986.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eksperimental'nye dannye po rastvorimosti mnogokomponentnykh vodno-solevykh sistem: spravochnik. V 2-kh tomakh, 4-kh knigakh (Experimental Data on the Solubility of Multicomponent Water–Salt Systems: A Handbook in Two Volumes and Four Books), St. Petersburg: Khimizdat, 2003, 3rd ed.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ryabtsev, A.D., Titarenko, V.I., Kotsupalo, N.P., et al., RF Patent 2560359, 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Ryabtsev
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. P. Kotsupalo
    • 1
  • A. A. Kurakov
    • 1
  • L. T. Menzheres
    • 1
  • V. I. Titarenko
    • 1
  1. 1.OOO Ekostar-NautekhNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations