Solar System Research

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 261–277 | Cite as

Confirmation of the Sublimation Activity of the Primitive Main-Belt Asteroids 779 Nina, 704 Interamnia, and 145 Adeona, as well as its Probable Spectral Signs on 51 Nemausa and 65 Cybele

  • V. V. BusarevEmail author
  • M. P. Shcherbina
  • S. I. Barabanov
  • T. R. Irsmambetova
  • G. I. Kokhirova
  • U. Kh. Khamroev
  • I. M. Khamitov
  • I. F. Bikmaev
  • R. I. Gumerov
  • E. N. Irtuganov
  • S. S. Mel’nikov


This paper presents the results that confirm the sublimation activity at the perihelion of the primitive main-belt asteroids 779 Nina, 704 Interamnia, and 145 Adeona; this activity was first discovered in September 2012 (Busarev et al., 2015; Busarev et al., 2016). The new spectrophotometric and/or UBVRI photometric observations of Nina, Interamnia, and Adeona were carried out in 2016–2018 during a regular perihelion passage of these asteroids. Additionally, probable spectral signs of weak sublimation activity were discovered on another two primitive main-belt asteroids, 51 Nemausa and 65 Cybele. In this study, we discuss the conditions for the occurrence of a periodic and/or continuous sublimation process on main-belt asteroids with low-temperature mineralogy; in particular, the conditions that are associated with their formation close to the “snow line” or beyond. We also consider general evolution processes that are able sustain a sufficiently high concentration of water ice close to the surface of the bodies in question and, therefore, their continuous sublimation activity, or lead to the recurrence of extinct activity.


primitive-type asteroids spectrophotometry chemical-mineral composition of matter ice sublimation solar activity 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments, which allowed us to considerably improve the description and interpretation of the results.


The study is funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 18-02-00105 A). I. Kh., I. B., R. G., E. I., and S. M. would like to thank TÜBİTAK, KFU, AS RT, and SRI for partial support in the use of the RTT150 (Russian–Turkish 1.5-m telescope in Antalya). The study was also funded in part by the subsidy 3.6714.2017/8.9 granted to the Kazan Federal University for performing the state task in the field of scientific activity.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Busarev
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • M. P. Shcherbina
    • 1
  • S. I. Barabanov
    • 2
  • T. R. Irsmambetova
    • 1
  • G. I. Kokhirova
    • 3
  • U. Kh. Khamroev
    • 3
  • I. M. Khamitov
    • 4
    • 5
  • I. F. Bikmaev
    • 5
    • 6
  • R. I. Gumerov
    • 5
    • 6
  • E. N. Irtuganov
    • 5
    • 6
  • S. S. Mel’nikov
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Astronomy (INASAN), Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Astrophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of TajikistanDushanbeRepublic of Tajikistan
  4. 4.TÜBİTAK National ObservatoryAntalyaTurkey
  5. 5.Kazan Federal UniversityKazanRussia
  6. 6.Academy of Sciences of the Republic of TatarstanKazanRussia

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