Russian Metallurgy (Metally)

, Volume 2019, Issue 10, pp 1074–1084 | Cite as

Development of Structural Damage and Cracking in a Landing Head during Long-Term Operation under North Conditions

  • V. M. GoritskiiEmail author
  • E. L. Muravin
  • G. R. Shneiderov

Abstract—The development of structural damage and cracking in a landing head used in Western Siberia is studied. The landing head is made of 20KhNL steel, which is an analog of T32MoCN8R steel produced in Romania. Crack growth is detected on the outer side of the landing head at the site of intersection of its end face with the ring surface. The experimental results obtained in this work demonstrate that the following two types of structural changes, which involve diffusion-mobile hydrogen, take place in the landing head during operation: the formation of a long chain of pores along the boundaries of the former austenite grains and the formation of ferrite bands, in which cementite particles dissolved.

Keywords: diffusion-mobile hydrogen 20KhNL steel structural damage cracking pores decarburization of grain boundaries cementite dissolution sulfides 



  1. 1.
    G. G. Nel’son, Embrittlement of Structural Steels and Alloys, Ed. by K. L. Braient and S. K. Benerdzhi (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1988).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yu. I. Archakov, Hydrogen Corrosion of Steel (Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1985).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. M. Goritskii, G. R. Shneiderov, P. R. Nechiporenko, and O. V. Gorchakov, “Diagnostics of the degree and rate of damage in the metal of the clad vessels operating under an excess pressure in hydrogen and hydrogen sulfide media,” Bezop. Truda Prom., No. 9, 58–63 (2017).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. D. Merson and V. A. Poluyanov, “Stages of fish-eye-type crack growth during uniaxial tension of a hydrogen-saturated low-carbon steel,” in Proceedings of XVI International Ural Seminar of Young Scientists (Izd. Ural. Univ, Yekaterinburg, 2015), Part 1, pp. 343–346.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. D. Merson, “Mechanism and nature of the acoustic emission for the hydrogen embrittlement of a low-carbon steel,” Candidate’s Dissertation in Mathematics and Physics (Tomsk, 2016).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Goritskii
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. L. Muravin
    • 1
  • G. R. Shneiderov
    • 1
  1. 1.ZAO TsNIIPSK im. Mel’nikovaMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations