Russian Metallurgy (Metally)

, Volume 2018, Issue 8, pp 747–749 | Cite as

High Temperature Corrosion of 12Kh18N10T Steel in Molten Lithium and Potassium Chlorides with a Cerium Trichloride Addition

  • E. V. Nikitina
  • N. A. Kazakovtseva


The high temperature corrosion of the 12Kh18N10T steel in molten lithium and potassium chlorides with a cerium trichloride addition is studied at 773 K. The CeCl3 concentration is varied from 0.2 to 5 mol %. Cerium is used as an analog of plutonium. The electrolyte composition is close to the compositions of the real electrolytes used for processing of nitride spent nuclear fuel. The main research method is gravimetry, with holding a steel sample in a melt for 1–24 h. In addition, atomic adsorption and electron-probe microanalysis are used.


corrosion lithium and potassium chlorides cerium trichloride gravimetry melts 



  1. 1.
    “Generation IV nuclear energy systems: road map and concepts,” Trans. Am. Nuclear Soc. 84, 115–118 (2001).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. G. Ulig, Corrosion and Its Prevention. Introduction into Corrosion Science and Technology, Ed. by A. M. Sukhotin (Khimiya, Leningrad, 1989).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    I. N. Ozeryanaya, “Behavior of chromium–nickel alloys in carbonate melts,” Zashch. Met. 2 (6), 700–704 (1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. P. Kochergin, Metal Protection against Corrosion in Ionic Melts and Electrolyte Solutions: Monograph (UrGU, Yekaterinburg, 1991).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Edeleanu, “Effects of diffusion on corrosion of metals by fused salts,” J. Iron Steel Inst. 196 (1), 59–61 (1960).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. N. Ozeryanaya, “Peculiarities of metal corrosion in molten halides and carbonates,” in High Temperature Corrosion and Its Prevention (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), Vol. 1, pp. 76–83.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. N. Ozeryanaya, “Corrosion of metals in molten salts during thermal processing,” Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met. 3, 14–17 (1985).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    O. P. Penyagina, “Corrosion behavior of 12Kh18N10T steel in molten chlorides and carbonates during thermal cycling,” Rasplavy, No. 3, 71–76 (1994).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. P. Mohanty, “Role of chlorides in hot corrosion of a cast Fe–Cr–Ni alloy. Part II: Thermochemical model studies,” Corros. Sci. 46 (12), 2909–2924 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. V. Smirnov, “Stationary potential and metal corrosion in molten salts,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 155, No. 2, 418–421 (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of High-Temperature Electrochemistry, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Ural Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia

Personalised recommendations