Catalytic conversion of biomass based platform chemicals to value added chemicals has attracted much attention recently. In this work, Ni-based catalysts were developed for the conversion of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone. By investigation of reduction behavior of NiO, it was found that a relatively low reduction temperature (300°C) can provide the reduction of NiO to Ni0. The high reduction temperature (500°C) generally applied in literature is not necessary. The effect of supports was also studied, and hierarchical AlPO4-5 (AlPO4-5-meso) supported Ni showed the best catalytic performance due to the proper pore size of AlPO4-5-meso, which contains both micropores and mesopores. The effect of Ni loading was also investigated, 10 wt % of Ni is enough for this reaction, which is lower than the reported amount of Ni loading. By using Ni/AlPO4-5-meso with 10 wt % Ni as catalyst, 84% γ-valerolactone yield and 100% levulinic acid conversion can be obtained after reaction for 10 h at 180°C.
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We are grateful to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21503192), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M612418), and the Henan Science and Technology Project (172102210490) for financial support.
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Yanyan Xu, Lu, T., Bu, N. et al. Catalytic Conversion of Levulinic Acid to γ-Valerolactone over Hierarchical AlPO4-5 Supported Nickel Catalysts. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 93, 2620–2627 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0036024419130338
- levulinic acid