Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A

, Volume 93, Issue 8, pp 1610–1619 | Cite as

Sensitization of Sm/SnO2\( - \)SiO2 Nanocomposite with Zwitterionic Surfactant for Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance under Sunlight

  • Nabeela Aslam
  • Muhammad Akhyar FarrukhEmail author
  • Shafqat Karim


This work presents the synthesis of SnO2–SiO2 nanocomposite via sol–gel method using N‑dodecyl-N,N-dimethyl-3-ammonium-1-propanesulfonate (SB3-12) zwitterionic surfactant as a templating agent at room temperature. Rice husk was used as a source for preparation of SiO2 and doping of samarium (Sm) on tin oxide-silica (SnO2–SiO2) was done by hydrothermal method. Size, optical and catalytic properties of Sm/SnO2–SiO2 was found dependent on the doping of Sm. Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger’s models were used to investigate the kinetics and thermodynamic parameters. The Sm/SnO2–SiO2 nanocomposite was characterized by FTIR, XRD, TGA, TEM, SEM, EDX and particle size analyzer. The photocatalyic activity of prepared material was studied against methylene blue dye under irradiation of sunlight. It was found that Sm/SnO2–SiO2 nanocomposite has small size, reduced band gap and greater degradation capacity than SnO2–SiO2 nanocomposite. Dependence of crystallinity, dislocation density and specific surface area on the size of nanocomposite was also observed.


nanocomposite band gap photocatalysis zwitterionic surfactant dislocation density degradation 



The authors are thankful to Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan to support this research work through NRPU research project no. 20-3142/NRPU/R&D/HEC/14.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nabeela Aslam
    • 1
  • Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shafqat Karim
    • 3
  1. 1.Nano-Chemistry Lab, Government College University LahoreLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Ferozepur RoadLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Nanomaterials Research Group, Physics Division, PINSTECHIslamabadPakistan

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