Effect of the morphology of structured carbon nanomaterials on their oxidizability
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The oxidation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MCNTs), nanofibers (CNFs), and few-layer graphite fragments (FLGFs) with a nitric acid solution was studied. The oxygen content in the functionalized derivatives was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal analysis. The results were correlated with the structural features of the nanomaterials revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The highest content of carboxyl groups was achieved by functionalization of carbon nanotubes with the conical position of graphene layers.
Keywordscarbon nanomaterials functionalization carbon nanotubes carbon nanofibers catalytic pyrolysis of hydrocarbons
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