Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A

, Volume 89, Issue 10, pp 1896–1906 | Cite as

Influence of calcination temperature on the physical properties of nano-titania prepared by sol-gel/hydrothermal method

  • H. A. HamadEmail author
  • M. M. Abd El-latif
  • A. B. Kashyout
  • W. A. Sadik
  • M. Y. Feteha
Physical Chemistry of Nanoclusters and Nanomaterials


Nano-sized TiO2 powders were synthesized by a modified hydrolysis reaction using titanium butoxide as a precursor, water as a solvent, acetylacetone to slowdown the hydrolysis and the condensation reactions and ammonia as a base catalyst. Phase transformation and particle size of the calcined powders were investigated as a function of the calcination temperature by room-temperature X-ray diffraction; scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy techniques. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to examine the thermal properties of the produced TiO2 nanoparticles. The XRD showed that the uncalcined sample was mostly the anatase phase with some rutile content. It was indicated that the thermal annealing resulted in increasing the average crystallite size from 8.2 to 53.5 nm. As the calcination temperature increased, the particle size, the rutile phase, the crystallization of the anatase phase, and the agglomeration were increased. The increase in the rutile content and grain growth are caused by the calcination at higher temperatures even calcination at 800°C for 2 h.


nanostructures semiconductors crystal growth calcination temperature microstructure phase transition 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Hamad
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. M. Abd El-latif
    • 1
  • A. B. Kashyout
    • 2
  • W. A. Sadik
    • 3
  • M. Y. Feteha
    • 3
  1. 1.Fabrication Technology Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute (ATNMRI)City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications (SRTA-City)New Borg El-Arab CityAlexandria, Egypt
  2. 2.Electronic Materials Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute (ATNMRI)City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications (SRTA-City)New Borg El-Arab CityAlexandria, Egypt
  3. 3.Materials Science Department Institute of Graduate Studies and Research (IGSR)Alexandria UniversityShatbyAlexandria, Egypt

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