Nanostructure self-organization of ionic liquids
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The theory of integral equations was applied to investigate the formation of structures in ionic liquids (ILs). The effect of temperature and the length of the cation tails on the structural properties of a system was studied. An intermediate type of ordering in ILs as compared with common liquids was observed. The formation of polar and nonpolar domains was revealed, with the distribution of the polar domains having the shape of a three-dimensional net coexisting with nonpolar domains. The characteristic scale of intermediate ordering was shown to increase as a power function without disturbing the shape of the distribution of polar domains as the length of the cation tails grew.
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