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Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 53, Issue 11, pp 969–981 | Cite as

Feeding pattern of the great sculpin Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Cottidae) and its position in the trophic system of near-Kamchatka waters

  • A. M. TokranovEmail author
  • A. M. Orlov
Article

Abstract

Feeding patterns of the great sculpin Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus in near-Kamchatka waters of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Bering Sea and Pacific Ocean are considered using materials collected during 1978–2002. This species of Cottidae is characterized by wide feeding spectra (over 150 nutritive objects); nonetheless, fishes (on average 61.1%) and Decapoda (20.0%) have the highest significance in its diet. The fishes include Alaska pollock Theragra chalcogramma (32.7% of food mass), flatfish Pleuronectidae (12.2%), and sculpins Cottidae (10.5%); Decapoda include crabs from the family Majidae (18.5%). Seasonal, local, interannual, and age-related changes in food composition of the great sculpin are considered. This species is a facultative ambuscade predator; it is characterized by wide feeding spectra that permits him to use a considerable range of food components. In the trophic system of near-Kamchatka regions, units that form the biomass of the great sculpin are selected.

Keywords

great sculpin Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus Cottidae feeding, seasonal, local, interannual, and age-related changes in food composition facultative ambuscade predator near-Kamchatka waters of Sea of Okhotsk Bering Sea Pacific Ocean 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kamchatka Branch, Pacific Institute of Geography, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiiRussia
  2. 2.Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and OceanographyMoscowRussia

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