Journal of Ichthyology

, 49:614 | Cite as

Population-genetical analysis of Altai osmans (Oreoleuciscus, Cyprinidae) from water bodies of Mongolia

  • Yu. V. Slyn’ko
  • Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze


Similarity of populations of Altai osmans Oreoleuciscus (Cyprinidae) is estimated on the material from all principal parts of their area in Mongolia using methods of population-genetical analysis. Nineteen loci are considered coding isozymes and isoforms of non-enzyme proteins on the material of ten samples, RAPD-analysis is made for two samples representing different population sets. The analyzed populations of Altai osmans on the Mongolia territory are subdivided into two spatial and genetically clearly differentiated population groups—the Selenga group (with the Tesiyn-Gol basin) and the Central Asian group (populations from water bodies of Lake Valley and Great Lakes Basin. Probable causes and mechanisms of formation of the revealed population-genetical structure are discussed.

Key words

Oreoleuciscus Cyprinidae isozymes DNA population morphogenesis divergence evolution 


  1. 1.
    Yu. P. Altukhov, Genetic Processes in Populations (Akademkniga, Moscow, 2003) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Atlas of Freshwater Fish of Russia, Ed. by Yu. S. Reshetnikov (Nauka, Moscow, 2002), Vol. 1 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Baasanzhav, Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, A. N. Demin, et al., “Review of Species of Ichthyofauna of the Mongolian People’s Republic,” in Fish of the Mongolian People’s Republic (Nauka, Moscow, 1983), pp. 102–224.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Baasanzhav, Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, A. N. Demin, et al., “Fish of the Mongolian People’s Republic,” in Ecology and Commercial Importance of Fish of the Mongolian People’s Republic (Nauka, Moscow, 1985), pp. 9–174.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. S. Berg, Fauna of Russia and Adjacent Countries. Fish (Marsirobranchii and Pisces) (Imper. Akad. Nauk, St. Petersburg, 1912), Vol. 3, Issue 1[in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. S. Berg, Freshwater Fish of the USSR and Adjacent Countries, Chapter 2, 4th ed. (AN SSSR, Moscow, 1949) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. G. Bogutskaya, “A Revision of Altai Osmans of the Genus Oreoleuciscus (Leuciscinae, Cyprinidae) with a Description of a New Species, O. angusticephalus, from River Kobdo (Hovd) System, West Mongolia,” Proc. Zool. Inst. St. Petersburg 287, 5–43 (2001).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. G. Bogutskaya, “Specific Features of Variation of Some Characters of Altai Osmans in Relation to Diagnostics of the Genus Oreoleuciscus (Cyprinidae),” Tr. Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 222, 110–131 (1990).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. E. Borisovets, Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, and V. Ya. Ermokhin, “Experience of Study of Morphological Variation of Fish of the Genus Oreoleuciscus (Pisces, Cyprinidae) by Methods of Multivariate Statistics,” Zool. Zh. 63(4), 563–572 (1984).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. E. Borisovets, Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, and V. Ya. Ermokhin, “Morphometrical Analysis of AltaiOsmans (Oreoleusiscus; Pisces, Cyprinidae) from Water Bodies of the Mongolian People’s Republic: A Multivariate Approach,” Zool. Zh. 64(8), 1199–1212 (1985).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. E. Borisovets, Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, and V. Ya. Ermokhin, “Use of Mathematical Methods for Determination of the Forms of Altai Osmans—Oreoleusiscus (Pisces, Cyprinidae),” Zool. Zh. 66(12), 1850–1863 (1987).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Burstone, Enzyme Histochemistry and Its Application in the Study of Neoplasms (New York, 1962).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. G. Buth, “Allozymes of the Cyprinid Fishes: Variation and Application,” in Evolutionary Genetics of Fishes (-London: Plenum Press, New York, 1984), pp. 561–590.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. L. Cavalli-Sforza, J. Barrai, and A. W. F. Edwards, “Analysis of Human Evolution under Random Genetic Drift,” Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 29, 9–20 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Dashdorzh, A. Dulmaa, and K. Pivnicka, “Contribution to the Systematics of the Genus Oreoleuciscus Warpachowski, 1889 (Cyprinidae),” Vestnic s. Spol. Zool. (Acta Soc. Zool. Bohemoslov.) 33(4), 289–299 (1969).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, “The Land/Inland-Water Ecotones and Fish Population of Lake Valley,” Hydrobiologia 303, 235–245 (1995).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, “Mechanisms of Morphogenesis and Systematics of Fish of the Genus Oreoleusiscus (Cyprinidae, Pisces),” in Zoological Studies in the Mongolian People’s Republic (Nauka, Moscow, 1982), pp. 81–92.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Dulmaa, Kh. Munkhbayar, and M. Nakagawa, “New Records of Oreoleuciscus humilis (Cyprinidae) in the Orkhon River Basin,” in Abstr. Int. Conf. Biodiversity of Euro-Asia Continental Wetlands (Ulaanbaatar, 2004), pp. 12–13.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, Ecological Trends in Fish Growth Variation (Nauka, Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze and I. N. Ryabov, “On Biology of Altai Osmans,” in Geography and Dynamics of Fauna and Flora of the Mongolian People’s Republic (Nauka, Moscow, 1978), pp. 174–182.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, A. Dulmaa, and Kh. Munkhbayar, “Observation of a Representative of the Genus Oreoleusiscus (Cyprinidae) in the Selenga River Basin,” Vopr. Ikhtiol. 43(3), 420–422 (2003) [J. Ichthyol. 43 (5), 411–413 (2003)].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Erdenebat Manchin, Candidate’s Dissertation in Biology (IPEE RAN, Moscow, 2006).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. E. Fisher, J. B. Shaklee, S. D. Ferris, and G. S. Whitt, “Evolution of Five Multilocus Isozyme Systems in the Chordates,” Genetica (Ned.) 52/53(1), 73–85 (1980).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    O. Gaal’, G. Medguesi, and L. Vereczkey, Electrophoresis in the Separation of Biological Macromolecules (Académiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1980).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. N. Gundrizer, “On the Study of Altai Osmans of the Genus Oreoleusiscus Warp.,” Probl. Ekol., No. 4, 157–166 (1976).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    P.W. Hedrik, Genetics of Populations (Jones and Bartlett Publ. Inc., USA, 1985).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. G. Ioganzen, “New Data on Altai Osmans-Oreoleusiscus Warp. (Cyprinidae, Pisces),” Tr. Biol. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Tomsk. Gos. Univ., No. 7, 132–177 (1940).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. V. Kafanova, “Materials on Systematics of Altai Osmans of the Genus Oreoleusiscus Warpachowsky,” Vopr. Ikhtiol. 1, 9–18 (1961).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    V. S. Kirpichnikov, Genetics and Selection of Fish (Nauka, Leningrad, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    L. I. Korochkin, “Some Molecular Aspects of Gene Expression Regulation in Fish and of Other Eucaryotes,” in Biological Foundations of Fish Husbandry, Genetics, and Selection (Nauka, Leningrad, 1983), pp. 34–51.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    L. I. Korochkin, Introduction into Genetics of Development (Nauka, Moscow, 1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    N. T. Kuznetsov, Hydrography of Rivers of the Mongolian People’s Republic (Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1959) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    R. Levontin, Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change (Columbia University, New York, 1974).Google Scholar
  34. 33.
    Z. Lojda, R. Gossrau, and T. Schiebler, Enzyme Histochemistry. A Laboratory Manual (Springer, Heidelberg, 1979).Google Scholar
  35. 34.
    C. L. Markert, J. B. Shaklee, and G. S. Whitt, “Evolution of a Gene,” Science 189(4197), 102–114 (1975).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    W. Maurer, The Programmer’s Introduction to LISP (Macdonald, London, 1972).Google Scholar
  37. 36.
    M. Nei, “Estimation of Average Heterozygosity and Genetic Distance from a Small Number of Individuals,” Genetics 89, 583–590 (1978).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 37.
    M. Nei and W.-H. Li, “Mathematical Model for Studying Genetic Variation in Terms of Restriction Endonucleases,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76, 5269–5273 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 38.
    S. Ohno, Evolution by Gene Duplication (Springer, Heidelberg, 1970).Google Scholar
  40. 39.
    R. Raff and Th. Kaufman, Embryos, Genes and Evolution (Macmillan, New York, 1983).Google Scholar
  41. 40.
    O. L. Serov, “Genetics of Isoenzymes in Animals and Humans,” in Genetics of Isoenzymes (Nauka, Moscow, 1977), pp. 80–148.Google Scholar
  42. 41.
    O. L. Serov, L. I. Korochkin, and G. P. Manchenko, “Electrophoretic Methods of Study of Isoenzymes,” in Genetics of Isoenzymes (Nauka, Moscow, 1977), pp. 18–64.Google Scholar
  43. 42.
    M. Singer and P. Berg, Genes and Genomes: A Changing Perspective (Univ. Sci. Books, Mill Valley, Calif., 1991).Google Scholar
  44. 43.
    Yu. V. Slyn’ko, “Polymorphism of Muscular Isoenzymes of Cyprinids of the USSR. I. Lactatedehydrogenase (LDH, EC,” Inf. Byul. Biol. Vnutr. Vod, No. 90, 75–83 (1991).Google Scholar
  45. 44.
    Yu. V. Slyn’ko, “Polymorphism of Muscular Isoenzymes of Cyprinids of the USSR. II. Peroxidase (PO, EC.,” Inf. Byul. Biol. Vnutr. Vod, No. 92, 69–77 (1992).Google Scholar
  46. 45.
    Yu. V. Slyn’ko, “Distribution of Fish in Large Geographic Regions,” in Ecological Factors of Spatial Distribution and Movement of Hydrobionts, Chapter IV (Gidrometizdat, St. Petersburg, 1993), pp. 259–279.Google Scholar
  47. 46.
    Yu. V. Slyn’ko and Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, “New Data on Fish of the Genus Oreoleusiscus: Population-Genetic Analysis. Ecosystems of Mongolia and Boundary Territories of Adjacent Countries: Narural Resources, Biodiversity, and Ecological Prospects,” in Proceedings of International Conference (Bembi San, Ulan Bator, 2005), pp. 319–324.Google Scholar
  48. 47.
    A. A. Svetovidova, “Revision of the Genus of Altai Osmans Oreoleusiscus Warp. (Pisces, Cyprinidae),” Vopr. Ikhtiol. 5(2), 245–261 (1965).Google Scholar
  49. 48.
    E. K. Sychevskaya, Doctoral Dissertation in Biology (In-t Paleontologii RAN, Moscow, 1991).Google Scholar
  50. 49.
    Y. Van der Peer and R. De Wachter, “TREECON for Windows: A Software Package for the Construction and Drawing of Evolutionary Trees for Microsoft Windows Environment,” Comp. Applic. Biosci. 10, 569–570 (1994).Google Scholar
  51. 50.
    N. A. Varpakhovskii, Monograph of a New Genus of Cyprinids (Oreoleusiscus) (Imper. Akad. Nauk, St. Petersburg, 1889) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  52. 51.
    E. D. Vasil’eva, “On the Taxonomic Status of Some Fish of the Genus Oreoleusiscus (Cyprinidae),” Vopr. Ikhtiol. 25(2), 196–211 (1982).Google Scholar
  53. 52.
    C. Wolter, “Comparison of Intraspecific Genetic Variability in Four Common Cyprinids, Abramis brama, Abramis bjoerkna, Rutilus rutilus and Scardinius erythrophthalmus, within and Between Lowland River Systems,” Hydrobiologia 364, 163–177 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 53.
    S. Wright, “The Genetical Structure of Populations,” Ann. Eugenics 15, 323–354 (1951).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biology of Inland WatersRussian Academy of SciencesBorok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl oblastRussia
  2. 2.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations