Osteology of Florenciella lugubris (Percoidei: Epigonidae)
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The osteology of Florenciella lugubris is described. F. lugubris is attributed to the family Epigonidae on the basis of specific characters of structure of orbital bones, skull, jaws and hyoid, presence of three principal spines on operculum, contact of pterygiophores of dorsal fins, 10 + 15 vertebrae, extension of the lateral line onto the caudal fin, structure of the first hemapophysis and interhaemale, caudal skeleton, etc. At the same time, Florenciella is more advanced in comparison with Epigonus having such characters as presence of enlarged, directed to sides and/or forward symphyseal teeth in jaws, of finely and densely denticulatd edges of infraorbitalia 2–8 and of the orbiral edge of frontale, and fontanelle in bulla otica and having specific traits of denticulation of opercular bones, having no separated distal element in the free pterygiophore between the first and second dorsal fins, having modified scales, etc. The related genera Florenciella and Rosenblattia may be synonyms.
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