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Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 46, Supplement 2, pp S204–S212 | Cite as

The role of behavioral polymorphism in the process of intrapopulation segregation of ecological niches in bream, Abramis brama (Cyprinidae)

  • Yu. V. Gerasimov
Article

Abstract

The study of feeding and defensive behavior in the two groups of bream (Abramis brama) differing in the peroxidase locus (presented by Po79 and Po100 alleles) has been performed. The A group bream (homozygous by Po79 allele) exhibit higher locomotor activity and aggressiveness, actively feed in the presence of a predator, and adapt quickly to experimental conditions. The B group bream (homozygous by Po100 allele) exhibit lesser locomotor activity and practical absence of aggressiveness. These fish reject food in the presence of a predator, their behavioral characteristics after removal of the predator recover after a long time and they adapt to experimental conditions slowly. Thus, the study revealed that there really exists the intraspecies form of bream that is less reactive but more aggressive and agile in which conditioning responses develop better. Presence in a population of reactive and nonreactive specimens serves as a basis for the mechanism of regulation of acuteness of intrapopulation relations and range expansion. In the present case, this mechanism allows for the efficient use of alternative resources having inconstant availability.

Keywords

Locomotor Activity Defensive Behavior Agonistic Behavior Rybinsk Reservoir Volga Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. V. Gerasimov
    • 1
  1. 1.Papanin Institute of Biology of Inland WatersRussian Academy of SciencesBorok, Nekouzskii raion, Yaroslavl’ oblastRussia

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