Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 46, Supplement 1, pp S84–S96 | Cite as

Interrelationships of Gasterosteiformes (Actinopterygii, Percomorpha)

  • Y. Keivany
  • J. S. Nelson


Phylogenetic relationships of Gasterosteiformes were studied using osteological examination of representatives of 11 families of gasterosteiform fishes, as ingroups, and 5 families of other smegmamorph fishes (Atheriniformes, Elassomatiformes, and Synbranchiformes), as outgroups. Based on phylogenetic analysis of 110 informative osteological characters, nine synapomorphies were found to unite all Gasterosteiformes and support was provided to the hypothesis that the order Gasterosteiformes (including Hypoptychidae and Indostomidae) is a monophyletic group. Furthermore, based on the synapomorphies provided for the subgroups, three suborders in Gasterosteiformes are recognized: Hypoptychoidei, Gasterosteoidei, and Syngnathoidei.


Sister Group Monophyletic Group Uncinate Process Occipital Condyle California Academy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Keivany
    • 1
  • J. S. Nelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural ResourcesIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmonton, AlbertaCanada

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