Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 46, Supplement 1, pp S38–S83 | Cite as

Fossil myctophoid fishes (Myctophiformes: Myctophoidei) from Russia and adjacent regions

  • A. M. Prokofiev


This study provides a revision of myctophiform fishes (families Neoscopelidae and Myctophidae) from Paleocene, Eocene, and Oligocene deposits of Russia and adjacent regions of the Thetys and Parathetys basins. Diagnoses of the order Myctophiformes and suborders, families, and subfamilies of the suborder Myctophoidei are given. Four genera and four species of myctophiform fishes found in this territory are described in detail: Neocassandra mica, Beckerophotus gracilis (Neoscopelidae), Eomyctophum koraense, and Oligophus moravicus (Myctophidae). Nominal species Eomyctophum menneri Dan., 1947 and E. limicola Dan., 1960 are referred to synonyms, respectively, to E. koraense and O. moravicus. O. moravicus may be represented in the lower Oligocene of the Caucasus by more than one species, so that specimens in better condition are necessary to describe them. The ranks of the families Sardinioididae and Neocassandridae were reduced to subfamilies within Neoscopelidae. The genus Eomyctophum was separated into the subfamily Eomyctophinae, differing from other myctophiform fishes by the absence of lenslike thickenings of the photophores. The classification and the origin of Myctophiformes are discussed, phylogenetic interrelationships within the order Myctophoidei are considered, a brief review of fossil myctophiforms is presented, and the history of their study is given.


Ventral Margin Horizontal Branch Articular Process Vertebral Number Vertebral Centra 
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© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Prokofiev
    • 1
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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