Advertisement

Paleontological Journal

, Volume 52, Issue 14, pp 1764–1770 | Cite as

On Morphological Diversity in Directed Development of Late Carnivorous Dinosaurs (Theropoda Marsh 1881)

  • R. BarsboldEmail author
Article

INTRODUCTION

The late (post-Triassic) carnivorous dinosaurs show a wide morphological diversity, which most probably reached the highest level during the Cretaceous Period, the longest in the Phanerozoic (80 Ma) and represented the time of the last and longest flourishing of the entire group. The Late Cretaceous, which lasted slightly less than half of this period, probably displays the majority of the entire diversity known in the morphological evolution of theropods. This was to a considerable extent facilitated by the especially favorable conditions for preservation of fossils that developed during this time, being the major cause of abundance of the fossil record.

When considering the diversity of late carnivorous dinosaurs, at least two approaches are possible. First, to compare all theropod groups, which are represented by diverse and abundant material, but, nevertheless, overcome inevitable incompleteness and sometimes low informativeness, along with discrepancy of mass...

Keywords:

Dinosauria Theropoda Dromaeosauridae Oviraptoridae Cretaceous 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Alifanov, V.R., Subclass Archosauromorpha: Infraclass Archosauria: Superorder Dinosauria, in Iskopaemye reptilii i ptitsy (Fossil Reptiles and Birds), Kurochkin, E.N. and Lopatin, A.V., Ed., Moscow: GEOS, 2012, pp. 153–355.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barsbold, R., Biostratigrafiya i presnovodnye mollyuski verkhnego mela gobiiskoi chasti MNR (Biostratigraphy and Freshwater Mollusks from the Upper Cretaceous of the Gobi Part of the Mongolian People’s Republic), Moscow: Nauka, 1972.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barsbold, R., On new Late Cretaceous family of small theropods (Oviraptoridae fam. nov.) of Mongolia, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1976a, vol. 226, no. 3, pp. 685–688.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barsbold, R., On the evolution and systematics of Late Cretaceous carnivorous dinosaurs, Tr. Sovm. Sov.-Mong. Paleontol. Eksped, 1976b, vol. 3 (Paleontology and Biostratigraphy of Mongolia), pp. 68–75.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barsbold, R., Toothless carnivorous dinosaurs of Mongolia, Tr. Sovm. Sov.-Mong. Paleontol. Eksped., 1981, vol. 15, pp. 28–39.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barsbold, R., Carnivorous dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Mongolia, Tr. Sovm. Sov.-Mong. Paleontol. Eksp., 1983, vol. 19, pp. 1–120.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barsbold, R., The carnivorous dinosaurs oviraptors, in Gerpetologicheskie issledovaniya v Mongol’skoi Narodnoi Respublike: Sbornik Nauchnykh trudov (Herpetological Studies in the Mongolian People’s Republic: Collected Scientific Works), Vorobyeva, E.I. and Severtsov, A.N., Eds., 1986, pp. 210–223.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Barsbold, R., Fighting dinosaurs: They really fought, in First International Meeting on Dinosaur Paleobiology, Lisboa, Portugal: Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat., 1998, pp. 74–79.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Barsbold, R., Maryańska, T., and Osmólska, H., Oviraptorosauria, in The Dinosauria, Weishampel, D.B., Dodson, P., and Osmólska, H., Eds., Berkeley: Univ. California Press, 1990, pp. 249–258.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Barsbold, R., Osmólska, H., Watabe, M., Currie, Ph.J., and Tsogtbaatar, Kh., A new oviraptorosaur (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from Mongolia: The first dinosaur with a pygostyle, Acta Palaeontol. Pol., 2000, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 97–106.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bonaparte, J.F., Los vertebrades fósiles de la Formación Río Colorado de la ciudad de Neuquen y cercanías, Cretácico Superior, Argentina, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. “Bernardino Rivadavia”, 1991, vol. 4, pp. 17–123.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chinzorig, Ts., Kobayashi, Y., Tsogtbaatar, Kh., Currie, P.J., Watabe, M., Barsbold, R., First ornithomimid (Theropoda, Ornithomimosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation of Tugrikin Shire, Mongolia, Nature, 2017. doi 017-05272-6Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Clark, J.M., Norell, M.A., and Chiappe, L.M., An oviraptorid skeleton from the Late Cretaceous at Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia, preserved in an avianlike brooding position over an oviraptorid nest, Am. Mus. Novit., 1999, vol. 3265, pp. 1–36.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Elzanowski, A., A comparison of the jaw skeleton in theropods and birds, with a description of the palate in the Oviraptoridae, Smith. Contribut. to Paleobiol., 1999, vol. 89 (Avian Paleontology at the Close of the 20th Century: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting of Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Olson, S.T., Ed.), pp. 311–323.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gauthier, J., Saurischian monophyly and the origin of birds, Mem. California Acad. Sci., 1986, vol. 8 (The Origin of Birds and the Evolution of Flight, Padian, K., Ed.), pp. 1–55.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Holtz, Th.R., Jr., The arctometatarsalian pes, an unusual structure of Cretaceous Theropoda (Dinosauria, Saurischia), J. Vertebr. Paleontol., 1995, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 408–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Holtz, Th.R., Jr., Phylogenetic taxonomy of the Coelurosauria (Dinosauria: Theropoda), J. Paleontol., 1996, vol. 70, pp. 536–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Huene, F., von, Das naturliche System der Saurischia, Zbl. Min. Geol. Paleontol., 1914, pp. 154–158.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kurochkin, E.N., Parallel evolution of theropod dinosaurs and birds, Zool. Zh., 2006, vol. 85, vol. 3, pp. 283–297.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lu, J., Dong, Z.M., Azuma, Y., Barsbold, R., and Tomida, Y., Oviraptorosaurs compared to birds, in Proceedings of the 5th Symposium Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, 2002, pp. 175–189.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Maleev, E.A., Giant carnosaurs of the family Tyrannosauridae, Tr. Sovm. Sov.-Mong. Paleontol. Eksped., 1974, vol. 1 (Fauna and Biostratigraphy of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic of Mongolia), pp. 132–191.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Martinson, G.G., Late Cretaceous mollusks of Mongolia, Tr. Sovm. Sov.-Mong. Paleontol. Eksped., 1982, vol. 17 (Systematics, Stratigraphy, and Taphonomy), pp. 1–82.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Maryańska, T., Osmólska, H., and Wolsan, M., Avian status for Oviraptorosauria, Acta Palaeontol. Pol., 2002, vol. 47, pp. 97–116.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Matthew, W.D. and Brawn, B., The family Deinodontidae, with notice of a new genus from the Cretaceous of Alberta, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1922, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 367–385.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Norell, M.A. and Makovicky, P.J., Important features of the dromaeosaurid skeleton: Information from a new specimen, Am. Mus. Novit., 1997a, vol. 3215, pp. 1–281.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Norell, M.A. and Makovicky, P.J., Important features of the dromaeosaurid skeleton: Information from a newly collected specimens of Velociraptor mongoliensis, Am. Mus. Novit., 1997b, vol. 3282, pp. 1-45.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Osborn, H.F., Tyrannosaurus and other Cretaceous carnivorous dinosaurs, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1905, vol. 21, pp. 259–265.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Osborn, H.F., Skeletal adaptations of Ornitholestes, Strutiomimus, Tyrannosaurus, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1917, vol. 35, pp. 733–771.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Osborn, H.F., Three new theropods: Protoceratops zone, central Mongolia, Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. Novit., 1924, vol. 144, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Osmólska, H., New light on the skull anatomy and systematic position of Oviraptor, Nature, 1976, vol. 262, no. 5570, pp. 683–684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Osmólska, H., Were the Mongolian “fighting dinosaurs” really fighting?, Rev. Paleontol., 1993, spec. vol. 7, pp. 161–162.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Osmólska, H., Currie, P.J., and Barsbold, R., Oviraptorosauria, in The Dinosauria, Weishampel, D.B., Dodson, P., and Osmólska, H., Eds., Berkeley: Univ. California Press, 2004, 2nd ed., pp. 7–19.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Osmólska, H., Roniewicz, E., and Barsbold, R., A new dinosaur, Gallimimus bullatusn gen., n. sp. (Ornithomimidae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia, Acta Paleontol. Pol., 1972, vol. 27, pp. 103–143.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ostrom, J.H., Osteology of Deinonychus antirropus, an unusual theropod from the Lower Cretaceous of Montana, Bull. Peabody Mus. Nat. Hist., 1969, vol. 30, pp. 1–165.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ostrom, J.H., The ancestry of birds, Nature, 1973, vol. 242, p. 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ostrom, J.H., The origin of birds, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 1975a, vol. 3, pp. 55–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ostrom, J.H., On the origin of Archaeopteryx and the ancestry of birds, Colloq. Int. CNRS, 1975b, vol. 218, pp. 519–532.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ostrom, J.H., Archaeopteryx and the origin of birds, Biol. J. Linnean Soc., 1976, vol. 8, pp. 91–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Paul, G.S., Predatory dinosaurs of the World: A Complete Illustrated Guide, New York: Simon and Shuster, 1988.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sternberg, R.M., A toothless bird from the Cretaceous of Alberta, J. Paleontol., 1940, vol. 14, pp. 81–85.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Weishampel, P., Dodson, P., and Osmólska, H., Eds., The Dinosauria, Berkeley, Los Angeles–London: Univ. California Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Zanno, L.E., Gillette, D.D., Albright, L.B., and Titus, A.L., A new North American therizinosaurid and the role of herbivory in “predatory” dinosaur evolution, Proc. R. Soc., 2009, vol. 276, pp. 3505–3511.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Zanno, L.E. and Makovicky, P.J., Herbivorous ecomorphology and specialization patterns in theropod dinosaur evolution, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2011, vol. 108, pp. 232–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Paleontology and Geology, Mongolian Academy of SciencesUlaanbaatarMongolia

Personalised recommendations