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Paleontological Journal

, Volume 52, Issue 12, pp 1461–1472 | Cite as

Late Pleistocene Mammals of the Northwestern Altai: Report 2. Charysh Basin

  • A. K. AgadjanianEmail author
  • M. V. ShunkovEmail author
Article

Abstract

The analysis of the taphocoenosis of Paleolithic sites in the Charysh River Basin of the Northwestern Altai Mountains has shown that the main members of mammal communities were the Siberian ibex Capra sibirica, argali Ovis ammon, bison Bison priscus, and horses. A constant component of communities was the woolly rhinoceros Coelodonta antiquitatis. A significant role was played antelopes, dzeren and saiga. The Asiatic red deer and roe deer were widespread. The value of the red deer as prey was almost twice greater than that of roe deer. The most important elements of communities and the main competitors of humans were large carnivores, hyena and wolf. The main competitors in the use of cave cavities were bear and hyena. The general characteristics of mammals of the Altai Mountains in the late Middle Pleistocene and Late Pleistocene are provided.

Keywords:

mammal communities Paleolithic Altai Mountains Charysh River Basin 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Our field work was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation (project no. 17-29-04206) and data processing was supported by the Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Science (no. I.17P) “Evolution of the Organic World: The Role and Effect of Planetary Processes,” the project “Comparative Analysis and Synthesis of Paleontological and Molecular Data on Phylogeny of the Key Groups of Terrestrial Vertebrates.”

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of ScienceNovosibirskRussia

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