Paleontological Journal

, Volume 52, Issue 7, pp 697–706 | Cite as

Chondrichthyans from the Lower Carboniferous of Yakutia, Russia

  • A. O. IvanovEmail author


Teeth of Cladodoides cf. wildungensis (Jaekel), fin spines of Ctenacanthus cf. angulatus Newberry et Worthen and Ctenacanthus sp. occur in the Lower Carboniferous Emyaksin Formation of the Vilyui River, Yakutia, Vilyui Syneclise, eastern part of the Siberian Platform. The assemblage includes widespread chondrichthyan taxa, along with endemic sarcopterygian fishes. The systematic position of Cladodoides is discussed. Their teeth possess some features characteristic of stethacanthids and ctenacanthids.Cladodoides is probably the basal taxon of cladodontomorph sharks.


Chondrichthyes Lower Carboniferous Yakutia Russia 



I am grateful to O.A. Lebedev (PIN) for placing specimens at my disposal, to O. Hampe (Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin) for an opportunity to study the collection of Wildungen specimens, to R. Rakitov (PIN) for assistance during SEM microphotography and S. Nilov (Institute of the Earth Sciences, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg) for the microtomographic images. This study was partly supported by a grant from Saint-Petersburg State University, no. The work was performed according to the Russian Government Program for Competitive Growth of Kazan Federal University among World’s Leading Scientific and Education Centers. Research was performed at the Center for Geo-Environmental Research and Modeling (GEOMODEL) of the Research Park of St. Petersburg State University.


  1. 1.
    Akulov, N.I. and Mashchuk, I.M., Interbasin correlation of the Devonian and Lower Carboniferous Angarida continental deposits, Geol. Geofiz., 2009, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 550–565.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bogush, O.I., Vaag, O.V., Divina, T.A., Dryagina, L.L., Kolodeznikov, K.E., Matukhin, R.G., Pashkevich, N.G., Peterson, L.N., Fradkin, G.S., and Yufarev, O.V., Siberian Platform: I. North-western, western, south-eastern, eastern and north-eastern parts of the platform, in Lower Carboniferous of the Middle Siberia, Dubatolov, V.N., Ed., Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1980, pp. 6–19.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cuny, G., Finney, S., and Marshall, J., A new Devonian–Carboniferous boundary shark from the Old Red Sandstone of East Greenland, in Abstracts of the 63rd Symposium for Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy and 24th Symposium of Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation with the Geological Curators’ Group, Southampton, United Kingdom, 2015, p. 83.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ginter, M., Chondrichthyan fauna of the Frasnian–Famennian boundary beds in Poland, Acta Palaeontol. Polon., 2002, vol. 47, pp. 329–338.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ginter, M., Teeth of Late Famennian ctenacanth sharks from the Cleveland Shale, in Morphology, Phylogeny and Paleobiogeography of Fossil Fishes, Elliott, D.K., Maisey, J.G., Yu, X., and Miao, D., Eds., Muenchen: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, 2010, pp. 145–158.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ginter, M., Hairapetian, V., and Grigoryan, A., Chondrichthyan microfossils from the Famennian and Tournaisian of Armenia, Acta Geol. Polon., 2011, vol. 61, pp. 153–173.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ginter, M., Hampe, O., and Duffin, C.J., Chondrichthyes: Paleozoic elasmobranchii: Teeth, in Handbook of Palaeoichthyology, Schultze, H.-P., Ed., Muenchen: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, 2010, vol. 3d, pp. 1–168.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ginter, M. and Maisey, J.G., The braincase and jaws of Cladodus from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland, Palaeontology, 2007, vol. 50, pp. 305–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ginter, M. and Sun, Y., Chondrichthyan remains from the Middle Tournaisian of Muhua, South China, Acta Palaeontol. Polon., 2007, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 705–727.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gross, W., Die Wirbeltiere des rheinischen Devons: Teil II, in Abhandlungen der Preussischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, N. F, 1937, pp. 1–83.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gross, W., Das Kopfskelett von Cladodus wildungensis Jaekel. 2. Teil: Der Kieferbogen Anhang: Protacrodus vetustus Jaekel, Senckenbergiana, 1938, vol. 20, pp. 123–145.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hairapetian, V. and Ginter, M., Famennian chondrichthyan remains from the Chahriseh section, central Iran, Acta Geol. Polon., 2009, vol. 59, pp. 173–200.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hairapetian, V. and Ginter, M., Pelagic chondrichthyan microremains from the Upper Devonian of the Kale Sardar section, eastern Iran, Acta Geol. Polon., 2010, vol. 60, pp. 357–371.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hampe, O., Occurrence of Phoebodus gothicus (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) in the Middle Famennian of northwestern Iran (Province east Azerbaijan), Acta Geol. Polon., 2000, vol. 50, pp. 355–367.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Itano, W.M., Houk, K.J., and Lockley, M.J., Ctenacanthus and other chondrichthyan spines and denticles from the Minturn Formation (Pennsylvanian) of Colorado, J. Paleontol., 2003, vol. 77, pp. 524–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ivanov, A. and Lucas, S.G., Fish fossils from the Paleozoic Sly Gap Formation of southern New Mexico, USA, in New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin, 2011, pp. 52–70.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ivanov, A.O. and Rodina, O.A., Chondrichthyan assemblage from the Upper Devonian deposits of Yaya River Basin (Kuznetsk Basin), in Priroda i ekonomika Kuzbassa i sopredelnykh territoriy (Nature and Economics of the Kuznetsk Basin and Adjacent Territories), Udodov, V.P., Ed., 2010, pp. 47–52.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jaekel, O., Die Stellung der Paläontologie zu einigen Problemen der Biologie und Phylogenie. 2. Schädelprobleme, Palaontol. Z., 1921, vol. 3, pp. 213–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Khabakov, A.V., Description of new species of ichthyodorulites of the genus Ctenacanthus Ag. from the Carboniferous deposits of USSR, Izv. Geol. Kom., 1928, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 23–31.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kolodeznikov, K.E., Devon i nizhniy karbon zapadnoy chasti Vilyuiskoi Sineklizy (Devonian and Lower Carboniferous of the Western Part of the Vilyuy Syneclise), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1981.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kutygin, R.V., Lower Carboniferous of the Eastern Siberia and Verkhoyan, Otech. Geol., 2009, no. 5, pp. 66–74.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Maisey, J.G., Studies on the Paleozoic selachian genus Ctenacanthus Agassiz: No. 1. Historical review and revised diagnosis of Ctenacanthus, with a list of referred taxa, Am. Mus. Novit., 1981, vol. 2718, pp. 1–22.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Maisey, J.G., Studies on the Paleozoic selachian genus Ctenacanthus Agassiz: No. 3. Nominal species referred to Ctenacanthus, Am. Mus. Novit., 1984, vol. 2774, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Maisey, J.G., CT-scan reveals new cranial features in Devonian chondrichthyan “Cladoduswildungensis, J. Vertebr. Palaeontol., 2001, vol. 21, pp. 807–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Maisey, J.G., Braincase of the Upper Devonian shark Cladodoides wildungensis (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii), with observations on the braincase in early chondrichthyans, Bull. Am. Mus. Natur. Hist., 2005, no. 288, pp. 1–103.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Matukhin, R.G., Devon i nizhnii karbon Sibirskoi platformy (Devonian and Lower Carboniferous of the Siberia Platform), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1991.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Newberry, J.S. and Worthen, A.H., Descriptions of new species of vertebrates, mainly from the Sub-Carboniferous limestome and Coal Measures of Illinois, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 1866, vol. 2, pp. 9–134.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Obruchev, D.V., Carboniferous fishes, Tr. Sib. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Mineral. Syr., 1962, vol. 21 (Biostratigraphy of the Paleozoic of the Altai–Sayany Mountain Region: Part 3, Khalfin, L.L., Ed.), pp. 75–76.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Obruchev, D.V., On the Carboniferous fishes, in Ocherki po filogenii i sistematike iskopayemykh ryb i beschelyustnykh (Essays on the Phylogeny and Systematics of the Fossil Fishes and Agnathans), Menner, V.V., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1977, pp. 6–13.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Reimann, F., Schulke, I., and Thies, D., Mikrovertebratenreste aus dem basalen Famennium (triangularis- bis crepida-Zone) der Montagne Noire (Frankreich), Geol. Palaeontol., 2002, vol. 36, pp. 1–43.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rodina, O. and Ivanov, A., Chondrichthyans from the Lower Carboniferous of Kuznetsk Basin, in Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Ppaleogeography in Eurasia, Chuvashov, B.I., Ed., Yekaterinburg, 2002, pp. 263–268.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Roelofs, B., Barham, M., Mory, A.J., and Trinajstic, K., Late Devonian and Early Carboniferous chondrichthyans from the Fairfield Group, Canning Basin, Western Australia, Palaeontol. Electron., 2016, no. 19.1.4A, pp. 1–28.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Roelofs, B., Playton, T., Barham, M., and Trinajstic, K., Upper Devonian microvertebrates from the Canning Basin, Western Australia, Acta Geol. Polon., 2015, vol. 65, pp. 69–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tolmachev, I.P., Lower Carboniferous fauna of the Kuznetsk Coal Basin: Part 1, Materialy po obschei i prikladnoi geologii, 1924, vol. 25, pp. 1–320.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Turner, S., Middle Palaeozoic elasmobranch remains from Australia, J. Vertebr. Palaeontol., 1982, vol. 2, pp. 117–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Vorobyeva, E.I., New genus of dipnoan from the Emyaksin Formation of Yakutia, Paleontol. J., 1972, no. 2, pp. 94–100.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Vorobyeva, E.I., Morphology and evolutionary features of crossopterygian fishes, Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1977, vol. 162, pp. 1–239.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Vorobyeva, E.I., Subclass Crossopterygii, in Fossil Vertebrates of Russia and Adjacent Countries: Agnathans and Early Fishes, Novitskaya, L.I., Ed., Moscow: GEOS, 2004, pp. 272–372.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Vorobyeva, E.I. and Obrucheva, E.D., Rhizodont crossopterygian fishes (fam. Rhizodontidae) from the Middle Paleozoic deposits of the Asian part of USSR, in Ocherki po filogenii i sistematike iskopayemykh ryb i beschelyustnykh (Essays on the Phylogeny and Systematics of the Fossil Fishes and Agnathans), Menner, V.V., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1977, pp. 89–96.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Vorobyeva, E.I., Panteleev, N.V., and Kolobaeva, O.V., Scales and teeth of endemic crossopterygian fishes from the Early Carboniferous of Eastern Siberia, Paleontol. J., 1999, no. 1, pp. 62–66.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Earth Sciences, St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Kazan (Volga Region) Federal UniversityKazanRussia

Personalised recommendations