Paleontological Journal

, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 450–462 | Cite as

Revision of the superfamily Acrotheloidea (Brachiopoda, class Linguliformea, order Lingulida) from the Lower and Middle Cambrian of the Siberian Platform

  • G. T. UshatinskayaEmail author
  • I. V. Korovnikov


This paper continues our revision of Yu.L. Pelman’s collection of the superfamily Acrotheloidea (phosphatic brachiopods) and of our own material from the Early–Middle Cambrian of the Siberian Platform. The following representatives of the superfamily Acrotheloidea (order Lingulida, class Linguliformea) are restudied and revised based on new techniques: the genus Botsfordia (family Botsfordiidae Schindewolf, 1955) and the genera Acrothele, Eothele, and Orbithele (family Acrothelidae), which are widespread on the Siberian Platform. Only one out of the three Acrothele species described by Pelman is recognized as a valid species, and one new species of this genus that comprises some part of the brachiopods that Pelman figured and placed in another taxon is described. All these species are described using data on shell microsculpture and microstructure. In addition, the genera Eothele and Orbithele are described for the first time from the Siberian Platform.


brachiopods lingulids revision Lower–Middle Cambrian Siberian platform 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aksarina, N.A. and Pelman, Yu.L., Kembriiskie brakhiopody i dvustvorchatye mollyuski Sibiri (Cambrian Brachiopods and Bivalve Mollusks of Siberia), Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 362, Moscow: Nauka, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. Brock, G.A. and Percival, L.G., Cambrian stratigraphy and faunas at Mount Arrowsmith, northwestern New South Wales, Mem. Assoc. Austral. Palaeontol., 2006, vol. 32, pp. 75–101.Google Scholar
  3. Bruton, D.L. and Harper, D.A.T., A mid-Cambrian shelly fauna from Ritland, western Norway and its palaeogeographical implications, Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark, 2000, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 29–51.Google Scholar
  4. Engelbretsen, M.J., Middle Cambrian lingulate brachiopods from the Murrawong Creek Formation, notheastern New South Wales, Hist. Biol., 1996, vol. 11, nos. 1–4, pp. 69–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Freeman, G. and Lundelius, J.W., Changes in the timing of mantle formation and larval life history in linguliform and craniiform brachiopods, Lethaia, 1999, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 197–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Freeman, G. and Lundelius, J.W., The transition from planktotrophy to lecithotrophy in larvae of Lower Palaeozoic rhynchonelliform brachiopods, Lethaia, 2005, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 219–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gorjansky, V.Yu., Class Inarticulata, in Osnovy paleontologii (Fundamentals of Paleontology), Orlov, Yu.A., Ed., vol. 7: Mshanki, brakhiopody. Prilozhenie — foronidy (Bryozoa and Brachiopoda. Supplement—Phoronoidea), Sarycheva, T.G., Ed., Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1960, pp. 172–182.Google Scholar
  8. Gorjansky, V.Yu., Bezzamkovye brakhiopody kembriiskikh i ordovikskikh otlozhenii severo-zapada Russkoi platformy (Inarticulate Brachiopods of the Cambrian and Ordovician Sediments of the Northwestern Russian Platform), Leningrad: Nedra, 1969.Google Scholar
  9. Gorjansky, V.Yu. and Koneva, S.P., Lower Cambrian inarticulate brachiopods of the Malyi Karatau Range, southern Kazakhstan, in Biostratigrafiya i paleontologiya nizhnego i srednego kembriya Severnoi Azii (Biostratigraphy and Paleontology of the Lower and Middle Cambrian of Northern Asia), Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 541, Moscow: Nauka, 1983, pp. 128–138.Google Scholar
  10. Hall, J., Palaeontology of New York: Volume 1. Containing Descriptions of the Organic Remains of the Lower Division of the New York System (Equivalent of the Lower Silurian Rocks of Europe), Albany: C. van Benthuysen, 1847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Holmer, L.E. and Popov, L.E., Class Lingulata, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H. Brachiopoda, Revised, Vol. 2: Linguliformea, Craniiformea, and Rhynchonelliformea (Part), Kaesler, R.L., Ed., Boulder CO–Lawrence KS: Geol. Soc. Am.–Univ. Kansas Press, 2000, pp. 30–146.Google Scholar
  12. Holmer, L.E., Popov, L.E., and Wrona, R., Early Cambrian lingulate brachiopods from glacial erratics of King George Island (South Shatland Islands), Antarctica, in Palaeontological Results of the Polish Antarctic Expeditions. Part 2, Gazdzicki, A., Ed., Palaeontol. Pol., vol. 55, Warszawa: Pan’stwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1996, pp. 37–50.Google Scholar
  13. Holmer, L.E., Popov, L.E., Koneva, S.P., and Bassett, M.G., Cambrian–Early Ordovician Brachiopods from Malyi Karatau, the Western Balkhash Region, and Tien Shan, Central Asia, Spec. Pap. Palaeontol., no. 65, London: Palaeontol. Assoc., 2001, pp. 1–180.Google Scholar
  14. Holmer, L.E., Stolk, S.P., Skovsted, C.B., Balthasar, U., and Popov, L.E., The enigmatic Early Cambrian Salanygolina—A stem group of rhychonelliform chileate brachiopods?, Palaeontology, 2009, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ivantsov, A.Yu., Zhuravlev, A.Yu., Krassilov, V.A., Leguta, A.V., Melnikova, L.M., Urbanek, A., Ushatinskaya, G.T., and Malakhovskaya, Ya.E., Unikal’nye Sinskie mestonakhozhdeniya rannekembriiskikh organizmov (Sibirskaya platforma) (Unique Sinsk Localities of Early Cambrian Organisms: Siberian Platform), Ponomarenko, A.G., Ed., Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, vol. 284, Moscow: Nauka, 2005.Google Scholar
  16. Koneva, S.P., Stenotekoidy i bezzamkovye brakhiopody nizhnego i nizov srednego kembriya Tsentral’nogo Kazakhstana (Stenotecoids and Inarticulate Brachiopods from the Lower and Lower Middle Cambrian of Central Kazakhstan), Alma-Ata: Nauka, 1979.Google Scholar
  17. Korovnikov, I.V., Phylogeny of the Early and Middle Cambrian acrothelid brachiopods, Geol. Geofiz., 1998, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 97–102.Google Scholar
  18. Lermontova, E.V., Nizhnekembriiskie trilobity i brakhiopody Vostochnoi Sibiri (Lower Cambrian Trilobites and Brachiopods from Eastern Siberia), Moscow: Gosgeolizdat, 1951.Google Scholar
  19. Li Guo-xiang, and Holmer, L.E., Early Cambrian lingulate from the Shaanxi Province, China, GFF, 2004, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 193–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Linnarsson, J.G.O., On the Brachiopoda of the Paradoxides beds of Sweden, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl., 1876, vol. 3, pp. 1–34.Google Scholar
  21. Lochman, C., Stratigraphy, paleontology, and paleogeography of the Elliptocephala asaphoides strata in Cambridge and Hoosick Quadrangles, New York, Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 1956, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 1331–1396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Malakhov, V.V., The problem of the general body plan of brachiopods and the position of brachiopods in the system of the kingdom Animalia, in Dokl. 4-oi Mezhdunar. shkoly “Sovremennoe sostoyanie i osnovnye napravleniya izucheniya brakhiopod”, Zvenigorod, 28 oktyabrya–3 noyabrya 1991 g. (Proc. 4th Int. School “The State of the Art and Main Lines in the Study of Brachiopods,” Zvenigorod, October 28–November 3, 1991), Moscow: Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 1995, pp. 51–82.Google Scholar
  23. Mergl, M., Inarticulate brachiopods of early Middle Cambrian age from the High Atlas, Morocco, Vést. Ústred. Ústavu Geol., 1988, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 291–295.Google Scholar
  24. Mergl, M. and Šlehoferová, P., Middle Cambrian inarticulate brachiopods from Central Bohemia, Sb. Geol. Véd, Paleontol., 1990, vol. 31, pp. 67–104.Google Scholar
  25. Pelman, Yu.L., Some inarticulate brachiopods from the Lower and Middle Cambrian of the Olenek River basin (lower reaches), in Problemy paleontologii i biostratigrafii nizhnego kembriya Sibiri i Dal’nego Vostoka (Problems of Paleontology and Biostratigraphy of the Lower Cambrian of Siberia and Russian Far East), Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 49, Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1973, pp. 69–79.Google Scholar
  26. Pelman, Yu.L., Rannei srednekembriiskie bezzamkovye brakhiopody Sibirskoi platformy (Early and Middle Cambrian Inarticulate Brachiopods of the Siberian Platform), Sokolov, B.S., Ed., Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 316, Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1977.Google Scholar
  27. Pelman, Yu.L., Middle Cambrian brachiopods of the Muna River (Lena River, lower reaches), in Biostratigrafiya i paleontologiya nizhnego i srednego kembriya Severnoi Azii (Biostratigraphy and Paleontology of the Lower and Middle Cambrian of Northern Asia), Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 541, Moscow: Nauka, 1983, pp. 115–128.Google Scholar
  28. Pelman, Yu.L. and Pereladov, V.S., Stratigraphy and brachiopods of the Lower–Middle Cambrian of the Arga-Sala River (southern Anabar River Region), in Biostratigrafiya i paleontologiya kembriya Severnoi Azii (Biostratigraphy and Paleontology of the Cambrian of Northern Asia), Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Sib. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 669, Moscow: Nauka, 1986, pp. 119–154.Google Scholar
  29. Popov, L.E., Egerquist, E., and Holmer, L.E., Earliest ontogeny of Middle Ordovician rhynchonelliform brachiopods (Clitambonitoidea and Polytoechioidea): implications for brachiopod phylogeny, Lethaia, 2007, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 85–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Poulsen, C., The Lower Cambrian faunas of east Greenland, Medd. Grønland, 1932, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 1–66.Google Scholar
  31. Roberts, J. and Jell, P.A., Early Middle Cambrian (Ordian) brachiopods of the Coonigan Formation, western New South Wales, Alcheringa, 1990, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 257–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Robison, R.A., Late Middle Cambrian faunas from Utah, J. Paleontol., 1964, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 510–566.Google Scholar
  33. Rowell, A.J., Inarticulate Brachiopods of the Lower and Middle Cambrian Pioche Shale of the Pioche District, Nevada, Univ. Kansas Paleontol. Contrib., 1980, vol. 98, pp. 1–26.Google Scholar
  34. Rozanov, A.Yu., Parkhaev, P.Yu., Demidenko, Yu.E., Karlova, G.A., Korovnikov, I.V., Shabanov, Yu.Ya., Ivancov, A.Y., Luchinina, V.A., Malakhovskaya, Ya.E., Melnikova, L.M., Naimark, E.B., Ponomarenko, A.G., Skorlotova, N.A., Sundukov, V.M., Tokarev, D.A., et al., Iskopaemye stratotipov yarusov nizhnego kembriya (Fossils from the Lower Cambrian Stage Stratotypes), Moscow: Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2010.Google Scholar
  35. Schindewolf, O.H., Über einige kambrische Gattungen inartikulater Brachiopoden, N. Jb. Mineral., Geol. Paläontol. Monatsh., 1955, no. 12, pp. 530–557.Google Scholar
  36. Shabanov, Yu.Ya., Astashkin, V.A., Pegel, T.V., Jegorova, L.I., Zhuravleva, I.T., Pelman, Yu.L., Sundukov, V.M., Stepanova, M.V., Sukhov, S.S., Fedorov, A.B., Shishkin, B.B., Vaganova, N.V., Jermak, V.I., Ryabukha, K.V., Yadrenkina, A.G. et al., Nizhnii paleozoi yugo-zapadnogo sklona Anabarskoi anteklizy (po materialam bureniya) (Lower Paleozoic of the Southwestern Slope of the Anabar Anteclise according to Core Data), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987.Google Scholar
  37. Skovsted, C.B. and Holmer, L.E., Early Cambrian brachiopods from north-east Greenland, Palaeontology, 2005, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 325–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Skovsted, C.B. and Peel, J.S., Small shelly fossils from the argillaceous facies of the lower Cambrian Forteau Formation of western Newfoundland, Acta Palaeontol. Pol., 2007, vol. 52, pp. 729–748.Google Scholar
  39. Skovsted, C.B. and Peel, J.S., Early Cambrian brachiopods and other shelly fossils from the basal Kinzers Formation of Pennsylvania, J. Paleontol., 2010, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 754–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Skovsted, C.B., Ushatinskaya, G., Holmer, L.E., Popov, L.E., and Kouchinsky, A., Taxonomy, morphology, shell structure, and early ontogeny of Pelmanotreta nom. nov. from the lower Cambrian of Siberia, GFF, 2015, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ushatinskaya, G.T. and Korovnikov, I.V., Revision of the Early–Middle Cambrian Lingulida (Brachiopoda) from the Siberian Platform, Paleontol. J., 2014, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 26–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ushatinskaya, G.T., Protegulum and brephic shell of the earliest organophosphatic brachiopods, Paleontol. J., 2016, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 141–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Voronova, L.G., Drozdova, N.A., Esakova, N.V., Zhegallo, E. A., Zhuravlev, A. Y., Rozanov, A.Yu., Sayutina, T.A., and Ushatinskaya, G.T., Iskopaemye nizhnego kembriya gor Makkenzi (Kanada) (Lower Cambrian Fossils of the Mackenzie Mountains, Canada), Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 224, Moscow: Nauka, 1987.Google Scholar
  44. Walcott, C.D., Cambrian Brachiopoda, Monogr. U.S. Geol. Surv., vol. 51, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1912.Google Scholar
  45. Williams, A., Microscopic imprints on the juvenile shells of Paleozoic linguliform brachiopods, Palaeontology, 2003, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 67–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wotte, T. and Mergl, M., Brachiopods from the Lower–Middle Cambrian Lancara Formation of the Cantabrian Mountains, northwest Spain, Mem. Assoc. Austral. Palaeontol., 2007, vol. 33, pp. 101–122.Google Scholar
  47. Yarusnoe raschlenenie nizhnego kembriya Sibiri. Atlas okamenelostei (Lower Cambrian Stage Subdivision of Siberia: Atlas of Fossils), Sokolov, B.S. and Zhuravleva, I.T., Eds., Tr. Inst. Geol. Geofiz. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sib. Otd., vol. 558, Moscow: Nauka, 1983, p. 212.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations